decreases oxytocin cortisol increases 5 thinking moves to lower parts of brain

Decreases oxytocin cortisol increases 5 thinking

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-decreases oxytocin; cortisol increases 5. -thinking moves to lower parts of brain 8. Parent history - Coherent “life narrative”: making sense of our own lives and how we were parented - examining how past experiences with own parent impacts our own development/interaction with our children - High Road: parent is calm not stressed, thinking with cortex, able to see child’s needs (used when coherent life narrative is constructed) - Low Road: parent is stressed, reacting to child’s behavior, not able to see child’s needs (used when coherent life narrative isn’t constructed/we react in ways our caregivers treated us) 9. Definitions- discipline, punishment, guidance Discipline- methods a parent uses to teach and socialize children toward acceptable behavior Punishment- uses physical or psychological means (fear- based strategies) to control child behavior Guidance- uses positive communication strategies to teach and guide children's behavior ex: provide reasons and explanations for rules, active listening, redirection
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10. Definitions of types of punishments - physical/corporal: spanking and other physical methods of punishing children. (damaging, associated w/ anxiety, depression, destructive behaviors) - psychological control: control bx by threatening to withdraw love/support (Usage of: Guilt, shame, gratitude, relational aggression, leads to anxiety/depression.) -exclusion/time out: removal from people/objects for brief time (Americans consider this “right” its corporal punishment, teaches rejection) 11. Explain outcomes of spanking (childhood & adulthood) As Kids higher rates of misbehavior at home and at school show more aggressive and violent behavior toward others (more likely to be bullies) have higher rates of depression have a weaker bond with their parents less likely to be influenced by parents as adolescents more likely to engage in delinquent activities have low IQ and do poorly in school; more likely to have learning disabilities poor social and emotional development; negative self- esteem As Adults have lower incomes + poor job performance more likely to be violent in interpersonal/marital relationships more likely to commit crimes
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develop substance abuse problems, mood/anxiety disorders, and other mental disorders more likely to be incarcerated 12. Foundations of Positive Guidance a. Understand reframing of ideas of (mis)behavior and
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