Abnormally increased muscle function or activity c Hyper excessive d Kines

Abnormally increased muscle function or activity c

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Abnormally increased muscle function or activity c. Hyper- excessive d. Kines- movement e. -ia – condition ix. Myasthenia Gravis: 1.Chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
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b. Gravis comes from the Latin word meaning grave or serious x. Muscular Dystrophy: 1. Group of more than 30 genetic diseases 2. Characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement, without affecting the nervous system 3. Most common forms: a. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD): i. Most common type of muscular dystrophy in children ii. Affects primarily boys and patients are usually unable to walk by age 12 iii. Also develop breathing difficulties and heart disease b. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD): i. Very similar to DMD but less severe xi. Repetitive stress disorders: 1. Also known as repetitive motion disorders 2. Result from the repeated motions performed throughout the day a. Compartment syndrome: i. Involves the compression of nerves and blood vessels due to swelling within the “compartment” (an enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles) b. Overuse injuries: i. Minor tissue injuries that have not been given time to heal 1. Overuse tendinitis 2. Stress fractures xii. Myofascial pain syndrome: 1. Chronic pain disorder that affects the fascia and muscles throughout the body 2. Caused by a muscle being contracted repetitively 3. Characterized by the development of trigger points, producing local and referred muscle pain xiii. Rotator cuff injuries: 1. Impingement syndrome: a. Occurs when inflamed or swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joints xiv. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: 1. Symptoms occur when the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen
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a. Carpal – pertaining to the wrist xv. Ganglion cyst: 1. Harmless, fluid filled swelling that occurs on the outer surface of the wrist xvi. Epicondyltitis: 1. Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow a. Epi – on b. Condyl – condyle i. Condyle refers to the round prominence on the end of the bone xvii. Ankle and foot problems: 1. Heel spur: a. Calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the heel bone that can be a cause of plantar fasciitis 2. Plantar fasciitis: a. Inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot xviii. Sports injuries: 1. Sprain: a. Injury to a joint (ankle, knee, or wrist) that occurs when a ligament is torn or wrenched 2. Strain: a. Injury to the body of a muscle or to the attachment of a tendon b. Usually associated with overuse injuries 3. Shin splint: a. Painful condition caused by the tibialis anterior muscle tearing away from the tibia (shin bone) b. Diagnostic procedures: i. Deep tendon reflexes (DTRs): 1. Tested with a reflex hammer that is used to strike a tendon a. Reflex – involuntary response to a stimulus ii. Range of motion testing (ROM): 1. Procedure to evaluate join mobility and muscle strength iii. Electromyography (EMG): 1. Diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within the
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