If your digestive system has trouble absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you might need vitamin B-12 shots. At first, you might have the shots every other day. Eventually, you'll need shots just once a month, possibly for life, depending on your situation.Anemia of chronic disease.There's no specific treatment for this type of anemia. Doctors focus on treating the underlying disease. If symptoms become severe, a blood transfusion or injectionsof a synthetic hormone normally produced by your kidneys (erythropoietin) might help stimulatered blood cell production and ease fatigue.Aplastic anemia.Treatment for this anemia can include blood transfusions to boost levels of red blood cells. You might need a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow can't make healthy blood cells.Anemias associated with bone marrow disease.Treatment of these various diseases can include medication, chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation.Hemolytic anemias.Managing hemolytic anemias includes avoiding suspect medications, treating infections and taking drugs that suppress your immune system, which could be attackingyour red blood cells.Depending on the cause or your hemolytic anemia, you might be referred to a heart or vascular specialist.Sickle cell anemia.Treatment might include oxygen, pain relievers, and oral and intravenous fluids to reduce pain and prevent complications. Doctors might also recommend blood transfusions, folic acid supplements and antibiotics.A cancer drug called hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea, Siklos) also is used to treat sickle cell anemia.Thalassemia.Most forms of thalassemia are mild and require no treatment. More severe forms of thalassemia generally require blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, medication, removal of the spleen, or a blood and bone marrow stem cell transplant.
Infectious diarrhea – assessment, treatment Treatment consists of fluids Avoiding contaminated food and water and washing hands often can help prevent infection. Rest and rehydration are the mainstays of treatment. GIB – risk factors (1) a history of peptic ulcer disease or gastrointestinal bleeding , (2) older age, (3) concomitant use of NSAIDs , including coxibs , (4) concomitant use of anticoagulants or other platelet aggregation inhibitors , (5) the presence of severe co-morbidities, and (6) high aspirin dose. In patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease, Helicobacter pylori infection should be assessed and treated. DVT – assessment ETOH abuse – assessment – screening scale CAGE
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