at a predetermined number of monitoring locations. Currently, no laws or regulations exist to detail these requirements. Without this regulatory framework for long-term monitoring, a CCS project developer would have difficulty in developing proper specifications to ensure long-term injection well integrity and a reliable monitoring system. This also adds to the difficulty of estimating the maintenance and monitoring costs that will need to be provided for in the overall project planning and implementation stages. Without definition of the long-term monitoring requirements, this area of uncertainty raises concern for a prospective CCS project developer. The long-term MVA may have to endure a time range of hundreds to thousands of years. The absence of regulations governing CO2 storage operations is the primary obstacle in utilizing the storage potential beneath Federal land. Once regulations are established, the single owner aspect of Federal land will provide an incentive to develop the storage potential beneath these lands. The presence of significant storage potential in Wyoming, Montana and the western Dakotas, in conjunction with a CO2 pipeline network provides two significant links of the CCS chain . Oil and gas reservoir storage potential in these states represent about 30 percent of the onshore capacity in the Untied States, providing opportunity for CO2-EOR projects. There are plenty of sources in this area, the third link in the CCS chain, that can utilize this storage potential. Also present is significant coal, oil and natural gas resource potential. Local utilization of these resources, either for electric power generation, CTL/CBTL or natural gas processing can in turn take advantage of the potential storage capacity found in this area. Prudent use of Federal land in this area of the United States can provide coal base load power generation and CTL/CBTL plants, crude oil for refining, natural gas for home and industry and in turn storage of captured CO2 from these operations. But much sooner, once regulations are sorted out, Federal land can provide the necessary acreage and associated storage potential for early deployment of CCS technology .
1AR Unconstitutional and links to politics Romboy 12 Dennis, “Herbert signs legislation demanding feds give public land to Utah,” Democratic legislators opposed the legislation, calling it unconstitutional and a waste of time and money . Legislative attorneys have told lawmakers any attempt to enforce the measure would have a high probability of being declared unconstitutional . "
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