!Justice book review.docx

However the question of morality can be seen

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However, the question of morality can be seen differently through different perspectives. One may argue that contractors charging absurdly high prices is their right as long as no coercion is involved in making transaction. Another may argue that it is immoral to charge such high prices especially to those who have just recently been affected by the storm. Ultimately the question comes down to which end of the spectrum your moral compass lies on, both introduced in proceeding chapters: the libertarian or the utilitarian side. However, the last point he makes in this chapter is the three approaches to Justice. Sandel believes that in order to wholly understand justice one must perceive it through three different lenses: welfare, freedom and virtue Sandel introduces the Utilitarian side of the moral compass first with the story of Thomas Dudley and crew lost at sea. In this story as Sandel explains, a captain and his crew of 2 grown men and one young cabin boy are tossed around in a storm only to escape on a lifeboat and be at sea for weeks. Eventually their rationed food runs out and they become sick – the captain then comes to the decision that they must sacrifice one person for the chance of survival for the rest of the crew. This is where the utilitarian method of thinking comes into play and is seen in the sacrifice of the young boy. From a utilitarian standpoint Sandel describes the morality of the situation very simply “it was necessary to kill one person in order to save three.” However, as discussed in the next chapter it is very clear that taking another life by coercion in order to save the life of three other people cannot be morally justified as the person being sacrificed was not given the “freedom” to make this choice. These are the principles of Libertarians where the common good of society is not honed in on, but rather the focus is individual rights which is the first objection to the Thomas Dudley case. Libertarianism is introduced with its most popular and controversial issue that pertains to this realm of thinking: taxation. This issue intertwines with yet another societal issue that brings about much controversy and that is
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economic inequality. However, as Sandel describes, the minority that possess much of the worlds wealth disagree
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