Renaissance Art Renaissance art was very different from medieval art. Renaissance artists used new techniques to make their paintings more realistic. How are these two paint- ings similar and different? Rich merchants support cultural activities. The Renaissance begins. Trade between Europe and Asia increases. The people in this painting appear larger and have more detail than the mountains in the distance, creating a sense of depth. Artists in the Middle Ages didn’t use per- spective, so their art looked flat. R EADING C HECK 4. Finding Key Details The main idea of this section might be stated, “Due to contact with Asia and the wealth that resulted from trade, the Renaissance began in Italy.” Write this main idea in your note- book. What key details in this section support this idea? Write them in your notebook as well. F OCUS ON W RITING
If YOU were there... SECTION What You Will Learn… The Renaissance beyond Italy You are a student from Holland, studying law at the university in Bologna, Italy. Life in Renaissance Italy is so exciting! You’ve met artists and writers and learned so much about art and literature. You can hardly wait to tell people at home about everything you’ve learned. But now a lawyer in Bologna has offered you a chance to stay and work in Italy. Will you stay in Italy or return to Holland? B UILDING B ACKGROUND By the late 1400s the Renaissance spirit was spreading from Italy to other parts of Europe. Artists, writers, and scholars came to Italy to study. Then they taught others what they had learned and brought paintings and sculptures from Italy back home. They also picked up new ideas. Soon, printing and books made these new ideas available to even more people. Advances in Science and Education Many of the texts rediscovered in the 1300s dealt with science. Europeans could once again read works by ancient scientists in the original Greek. After learning from these works, Renaissance scholars went on to make their own scientifi c advances. Mathematics and the Sciences Some Renaissance scientists thought mathematics could help them understand the universe. They studied ancient math texts and built on the ideas in them. In the process, they created many of the symbols we use in math today. These include the symbols for the square root ( √ — ) and for positive (+) and nega- tive (-) numbers. Advances in mathematics led to advances in other fi elds of science. Engineers and architects, for example, used new mathematical formulas to design ways to strengthen buildings. 2 1. During the Renaissance, advances in science and education were made. 2. New ideas from the Renais- sance spread across Europe through the development of paper, printing, and new universities. The Renaissance spread far beyond Italy, and as it spread, it changed.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 96 pages?