Use supportive participative style r4 able willing

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
use supportive & participative style R4 Able & Willing Delegating doesn’t need to do much (laissez-faire approach will work) - 4 -
Image of page 4

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
P ART 4: S HARING THE O RGANIZATIONAL V ISION Path-Goal Theory (Evans ) (expectancy theory + Ohio State leadership research) = …it’s the leader’s job to assist followers in attaining their goals & to provide the necessary direction &/ support to ensure that their individual goals are compatible w/ the overall goals *path-goal → leaders clarify path, help followers get to achievement of work goals, make journey along the path easier by reducing roadblks & pitfalls To be effective, leaders should: Determine the outcomes subordinates want (good pay, job security, interesting work, autonomy) Reward individuals w/ their desired outcomes when they perform well Let individuals know what they need to do to receive rewards (path to the goal), remove barriers that would prevent high performance, express confidence that they have ability to perform well → be clear w/ expectations Leadership Behaviours to Motivate ppl: Directive leader (Ohio State: initiating structure) - inform followers of expectations - schedule work, show how to accomplish tasks - best used when ppl have difficulty doing tasks or tasks ambiguous - NOT helpful when used w/ ppl already highly motivated, have skills, and understand task requirements Supportive leader (Ohio State: consideration) - friendly, show concern for followers’ needs, well-being, status - use when individuals are under stress or show they need support Participative leader - consult w/ followers & use their suggestions before making decision - best used when ppl need to buy in to decisions Achievement-oriented leader - set challenging goals, seek improvement in performance - 5 - Hersey & Blanchard ’s Situational Leadership Theory (SLT)
Image of page 5
P ART 4: S HARING THE O RGANIZATIONAL V ISION - expect followers to perform @ highest level - work well w/ ppl who like challenges / highly motivated - less effective w/ less capable / stressed ppl 2 contingency variables affect behaviour-outcome relationship: 1) environmental variables outside employee’s control & 2) variables that are part of employee’s personal characteristics - employee performance & satisfc’n likely +vely influenced when leader compensates for what’s lacking in employee & work setting *BUT, doing so to experienced/skilled employees → redundant, insulting CONTENGENCY FACTORS Environmental Leader Behaviour Task structure Formal authority system Work group Outcomes Directive Supportive Participative Achievement-oriented Performance Satisfc’n Subordinate Locus of control Experience Perceived ability *not everyone can adjust behaviour to various situations (some adaptable [self-monitors], some consistent) Substitutes for Leadership - certain individual, job, and org. variables can act as substitutes for leadership or neutralize leader’s ability to influence his followers (sometimes leader’s actions are irrelevant!) Substitutes & Neutralizers for Leadership C HARACTERISTICS OF I
Image of page 6

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern