Mod1LabWorksheet_04082018.docx

2 how could frank improve his lipid blood results

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2. How could Frank improve his lipid blood results without the use of medications? He should begin by exercising more (greater than 10,000 steps/ day) and decreasing his intake of trans fats, saturated fats, and refined sugars or grains. By adding colorful fruits and veggies he will decrease his cholesterols by way of sterols found in them. Lastly, he can reduce portion size by
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counting calories which will also cause him to consciously focus on eating better (Harvard health, 2014). 3. What classification of medications would Frank’s doctor recommend to him? Statins would most likely be prescribed, such as atorvastatin or simvastatin. These drugs help lower bad cholesterols (LDL) and tryglycerides, while moderately raising good cholesterol (HDL) (Harvard health, 2014). 4. How would the use of “blood thinners” assist Frank with his long-term health? The use of blood thinners would reduce the risk of clot formation and reduce the risk of heart disease or failure in his future (Betts, 2017). Post-Lab Evaluation Questions The post lab evaluation questions must be completed prior to your submission of the lab. Answers for these questions will be derived from the lab protocol, the weekly concepts associated with the lab and possibly research content from the book and/or online resources. Please cite your work for any reference source you utilize in answering these questions. 1. Besides the CBC blood test, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol blood tests will commonly be performed too. What is the importance of testing each one of these components in blood? What complications could occur if triglycerides and LDL cholesterol are above normal range? By testing cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL the physician can determine a patient’s risk for increased blood pressure, clot formation, and heart disease (Betts, 2017). 2. Compare and contrast the terms: Thrombus, thrombosis, embolus, and embolism. A thrombus is an unwanted clot formation in an undamaged vessel, while an embolus is when a portion of that thrombus breaks away and travels elsewhere. Thrombosis is the formation of a clot in a damaged blood vessel rather than an undamaged vessel like a thrombus. An embolism is caused by the lodging of an embolus elsewhere in the body, typically the lungs or brain (Betts, 2017). 3. Compare and contrast the donation of blood and plasma? How is donated blood utilized? How is donated plasma utilized? What are the concerns with receiving donated blood and plasma? Plasma donations are different than whole blood donations in that you typically have your blood and some saline given back after a plasma donation
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after plasma is separated by use of a machine similar to dialysis. AB is the universal donor for plasma whereas O is the universal donor for blood.
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