midterm review - final copy

Born in dublin in 1855 his mother was a feminist and

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born in Dublin in 1855, his mother was a feminist and Irish nationalist and his father was a doctor he went to prep school and then to Oxford, where he excelled he lectured on art and aesthetics, drawing huge crowds and becoming a celebrity he set the model of how an artist looked and acted, in opposition to the sober businessmen of America married Constance Lloyd in 1883 o he apparently loved her; they had two sons as time went on, he turned increasingly to young men for companionship and sexual pleasure o Wilde entered more and more into gay male life in London in the early 1890s, Wilde had three successful plays on the London stage o the most famous was “the Importance of Being Ernest” 12. camp a gay male sensibility o theatricality o incongruity o humor adjective “campy” Oscar Wilde portraying the Biblical female character Salome is “campy” verb “to camp” despite the danger, they decided to wear pink triangles and to “camp” it up a the football game 13.the role of Lord Alfred Douglas (Bosie) in Oscar Wilde’s life he was the son of a nobleman he was a wannabe poet who admired Wilde Wilde was smitten with him
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Week 6 14. Marquess of Queensberry Bosie’s father he was belligerent and ultra-macho he invented the rules of modern boxing his wife left him, accusing him of beating her Bosie hated his father 15. Oscar Wilde’s three trials rumors were circulating about Wilde’s relationship with Bosie Queensberry threatened that he would disinherit his son if he continued seeing Wilde both Wilde and Douglas remained defiant, even traveling together openly to N. Africa Queensberry publicly accursed Wilde of “posing as a sodomite” Bosie urged Wilde to sue him for libel although his friends counseled him against it, he did sue o Edward Carson was Queensberry’s lawyer o Carson attacked Wilde’s books and plays, trying to expose him as a sodomite o Wilde was able to fend off these attacks and get the courtroom laughing o in the afternoon session of the trial, it turned out that Queensberry hired private investigators to snoop into his private life a parade of adolescent boys testified that Wilde had socialized with them, giving them presents for sexual favors although Wilde denied any sexual activities with them, no one believed that a gentleman would socialize with boys for any other reason his libel suit was dismissed the second trial o Wilde’s friends urged him to flee the country, but he refused o the government decided to prosecute Wilde under the Labouchere Amendment for “gross indecency” o during the trial, Wilde seemed mostly beaten, except for his speech about the “love that dare not speak its name” o there was a hung jury the third trial o the government decided to try Wilde again o he was convicted of “gross indecency” o he was sentenced to two years in prison
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