15. What is involved in the endogenous model of economic development, which was favoredby Che Guevara, who was Minister of Industries by 1961? 16. What steps were taken to carry out this endogenous model of development? 17. Why did Guevara leave his post in 1965? How did this signal a rift with Castro the 18. Why was there economic problems looming in 1968? 19. Why were sugar yields below promised levels in the 1960’s?
20. How did Castro resolve this issue and why was it effective (Use Source B in your answer)? In 1966, a new deal with the Soviet Union saw Cuba agree to provide 5 million tonnes in 1968 and 1969, with a guaranteed price. But, despite Soviet investment funds to modernise the sugar industry, the harvests of 1968 and 1969 each only yielded 3.7 million tonnes. Hence Castro launched a spectacular plan to raise the sugar harvest for 1970 to 10 million tonnes – this ‘battle for sugar’ lasted from November 1969 to July 1970. he 10 million tonne harvest represents far more than tonnes of sugar, far more than an economic victory; it is a test, a moral commitment for this country. And precisely because it is a test and a moral commitment we cannot fall short by even a single gram of these 10 million tonnes … 10 million tonnes less a single pound – we declare it before all the world – will be a defeat, not a victory. 21. Why was Cuba flush with cash in the 1980’s both at the national level and at lower levels of economic activity? From 1980, once they had met state quotas, farmers were allowed to sell any surplus in markets where prices were no longer regulated. Then, in 1986, new economic problems led to the ‘rectification’ campaign . The consequent policy changes mostly affected industry but, as regards agriculture, the newly legalised private farmers’ markets were closed.
- Spring '17
- History, Fidel Castro