can lead to both incredibly negative and positive reactions behavioral

Can lead to both incredibly negative and positive

This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 13 pages.

can lead to both incredibly negative and positive reactions (behavioral instability) usual behavior altered gesture less than usual, refrain from eye contact, speak rapidly, terminate encounters quickly, nonverbal leakage may occur people who believe that they are stigmatized perceive others as reacting negatively to them coping strategies in interactions, stigmatized people will often induce the non-stigmatized person to behave tactfully towards them and build relationships around the aspects of themselves that is not discredited people who are temporarily stigmatized may focus on how they stigma befell them people with a stigma that does not force dependency will behave in a non-demanding, non-disruptive manner passing: distancing oneself from the stigmatized identity by hiding information Week 4: Socialization Reading: chapter 3 Childhood socialization Developmental perspective: The Process of Development
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16 WEEKS 28 WEEKS 1 YEAR 2 YEARS 3 YEARS VISUAL ACTIVITY Follows objects with eyes; eyes adjust to objects at varying distances Watches activity intently; hand-eye coordination Enjoys watching moving objects (like TV picture) Responds to stimuli in periphery of visual field; looks intently for long periods INTERPERS ONAL Smiles at human face; responds to caregivers voice; demands social attention Responds to variation in tone of voice; differentiates people (fears strangers) Engages in responsive play; shows emotions, anxiety; shows definite preferences for some persons Prefers solitary play; rudimentary concept of ownership Can play cooperatively with an older child; strong desire to please; gender differences start to become prominent in terms of choice of toys and materials VOCAL ACTIVITY Vocalizes pleasure; babbles Vocalizes vowels and consonants; tries to imitate sounds Vocalizes syllables; practices two to eight known words Vocalizes constantly; names actions; repeats words Uses three word sentences; likes novel words BODILY MOVEMENT Can hold head up; can roll over Can sit up Can stand; can climb up and down stairs Can run, large-scale motor activity-- puah, pull, roll Motion fluid, smooth; good coordinations MANUAL DEXTERITY Touches objects Can grasp with one hand; manipulates objects Manipulates objects easily Good control of hand and arm Good fine motor control The social learning perspective Focuses on the child's acquisition of cognitive and behavioural skills in interaction with the environment
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Reinforcement theory: viewpoint emphasizing the adaptive nature of socialization. The infant learns the verbal and interpersonal skills necessary to interact successfully with others. Both nature and nurture influence behaviour. Developmental processes produce a readiness to perform certain behaviours. The interpretive perspective This perspective views the child's task as the discovery of the meanings common to the social group.
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