Turkification policies in turn spur growth of Arab nationalism World War I

Turkification policies in turn spur growth of arab

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“Turkification” policies, in turn, spur growth of Arab nationalism World War I, Western Colonialism, and Decolonisation World War I and European Colonialism The Arab Revolt: o Dissatisfaction with Ottoman empire o Secret negotiations between Hashemite governor of Mecca and Medina (Sharif Husayn), and British Husayn-McMahon correspondence British agree to in exchange for Arab revolt against Ottomans, they will support post-war independence of Arab world o Negotiations led to Arab Revolt (1916) Arab irregulars under Faisal advance with British advisors (e.g. Lawrence of Arabia), execute guerilla war against Ottoman while British do regular military campaign Successful Arab irregulars/British converge on Damascus Three sets of promises from British: o Hussayn-McMahon correspondence, 1916 Promised support for Arab independence to Hashemites o Balfour Declaration, 1917 Promise in Palestine a Jewish national home (but no prejudice for non- Jewish communities) o Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916 Agreement with French to carve ME into spheres of influence League of Nations mandates (quasi-colonial territories): o WW1 was war “for democracy” – how to reconcile this with upcoming colonialism? o British/French claims they’re not yet ready for independence, so they will manage these countries until they are (“tutor the natives”) o France mandates : Syria, Lebanon Arab irregulars and French fight over Syria, British settle this by saying Faisal can be King of Iraq, and Abdullah can be King of Transjordan creates two Hashemite monarchies o Britain mandates : Palestine, Transjordan, Iraq o How long? European colonial rule from end of WW1
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Why did colonialism fade?
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