Lecture 8 The Hellenistic World and its Asian Frontier (2)

The seleucids inheritors of the achaemenid persians

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THE SELEUCIDS: INHERITORS OF THE ACHAEMENID PERSIANS IN HELLENISTIC ASIA Seleucus’ Persian marriage Achaemenid satrapy system Religious tolerance ( one exception ) Local administrators and local languages (Aramaic)
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THE SELEUCIDS AND BABYLONIAN RELIGION Antiochos I’s inscription at Borsippa (near Babylon): “Antiochos, the great king, the mighty/legitimate king, king of the world, king of Babylon, king of lands, caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the first-born son of Seleucus, the king, the Macedonian, King of Babylon, am I.” Nebuchadnezzar II’s (reign early 6th c. BCE) inscription at Borsippa: “Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, the greatest of princes, exalted Chief, Lord of peace, the caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the first-born son of Nabopolassar, King of Babylon, am I.”
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THE REVOLT OF THE MACCABEES: SELEUCID HELLENIZATION VS. JUDAISM Coin of Seleucid King Antiochus IV
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HELLENISTIC BACTRIA – “LAND OF A THOUSAND CITIES”
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AI KHANOUM Philosophica l writing of Aristotle Delphic maxims
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THE COIN HORDES OF THE HELLENISTIC EAST Demetrios I (r.200- 180 BCE), son of Euthydemus, b/c first Indo-Greek king after successes in Indus Valley Eucratides (170-145 BCE) usurped Bactrian throne in Demetrios’ absence Eucratides’ bilingual coin in Greek and Pali (language of Indus River Valley)
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VEDIC INDIA – RESTARTING THE CIVILIZATION CLOCK? State Formation, ca. 1000-500 BCE Expansion into Ganges plain Development of iron, increasing agricultural capability Janapada : “kingdom” Professional armies and trade Writing reappears, Sanskrit language Early Hindu emerging – Upanishads Another religious tradition…
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Gautama Buddha (ca. 6 th c. BCE?) Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Way/Middle Path Siddhartha Gautama (a Kshatriya) 1. Suffering exists (birth, old age, sickness, death,
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  • Spring '08
  • digeser
  • World History, Alexander III, SELEUCID HELLENIZATION VS

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