For example while Wall Street executives and bankers essentially defrauded and

For example while wall street executives and bankers

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Forexample,whileWallStreetexecutivesandbankersessentiallydefraudedandrobbedmillionsoftheirhomesandeconomicstabilitythroughillegalpracticesandcausedaglobaleconomiccrisisin2008,theyevadedmajorprosecutions(Pontell,Black,&Geis,2014).Notonlydoesthisillustratethesocialconstructionofcrimeandhowweperceive,name,andprosecutecrime,butitalsoillustrateshowwedefinework,whoselaborisvisibleandunderwhat conditions,andwhoisseenasworkinghardandwhoisn’t.Wecan’tunderstandhowtheseforcesworktogetherwithoutconsideringclass inrelationtoraceandgender.Thisbringsusbacktotheconceptofintersectionality.UnderstandingIntersectionalityhitersectionalityistheideathatidentitycannotbe fullyunderstoodviaasinglelenssuchasgender,race,orclassalone—whatlegalscholarKimberléCrenshaw(1989)calleda“single axisframework”(p.139).Rather,ouridentitiesandthesocialmeaningattributedtothemmustbeunderstoodintheir interdependenceononeanother;identityismultidimensional.Forexample,oneisnotjustawomanbutawhiteheterosexualcisgenderable-bodiedwoman.Alloftheseidentitiesinteractincomplexwaysthatshapehowthisparticularwomanwillexperiencegender.PriortoCrenshawpopularizingtheterm,scholarshadbeenwritingabouttheproblematicsofasingleaxisofanalysisformanyyears.ManyofthesescholarswereandareBlack,transnational,andqtieerfeministswhohaveproblematizedtheideathatthereisasingularfemaleexperiencethatfeminismspeakstoandunderwhichallwomencanbegathered.Inthemid-l9thcentury,atatimeofstruggleagainstslaveryaswellaspatriarchy,abolitionistSojournerTruthadvocatedforboththeabolitionofslaveryandequalrightsforwomen.Inafamousspeechshegavein1851attheOhioWomen’sRightsconvention,knownasthe“Ain’tIaWoman”speech,TruthexpressedconcernthatabolitionistswerefocusedprimarilyontheissuesofBlackmento174IIThesestandinstarkcontrasttothe$7.25minimumwage,or$13.04allhourpaidtofurniturefactoryworkers,r$10.95perhourpaidtotextileworkersinfreeworldconditions(Thompson,2012).Whilenotallprisonersareforcedtowork,mostneedtoinordertoaffordverybasicnecessitiesincludingtileabilitytouseaphonetospeaktofamilymembers,forwhichtheyarecharged(inmanycasesbyprivatecompatlies).Further,prisonerswhochoosenottoworkmaylosetheopportUtlitytoreducetheirsentencesorbeotherwisedisciplinedandcanfaceprolongedisolationintheircellsforupto23hoursperday.Thus,manychoosetoworkinconditionsthatcanSTOP:Whitesomepeoplebelievethatprisonersshouldworkforreasonssuchashealth,therapy,tolearndiscipline,askill,beproductive,and/orrepayadebttosociety,whentheyworkforprivatefor-profitcorporationswhodonotpaythem(orwhogrosslyunderpayfortheirlabor),theireffortsarenotgoingtowardsself-improvement,thegoodof

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