Communication+domains+and+differences+part+one+student+version+class+3.pptx

Form syntax morphology and phonology are rules for

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Form: Syntax , morphology , and phonology are rules for the organization of words and sounds Syntax – word order (grammar) Rules for the internal organization of sentences (word order) Yoda & Cookie Monster violate English syntax Morphology – (morpheme) Rules for the internal organization of words Words can be morphed to change their meaning “Walk”, “Walked ”, “Walker ”, “Walking ”, “Walks ”, “Cookie”, “Cookies” Cookie Monster omits plural –s in “cookie” Phonology Rules for the sounds, or phonemes , in syllables and words There are 43 sounds in English and more than 100,000 words None of those words contain an “s” followed by “g” because that would break the rules of English.
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Use : Pragmatics are rules for social use of language Using language for different purposes Organizing language for conversation Knowing what to say, and when and how to say it
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Speech is the neuromuscular process of turning language into a sound signal Allows people to express language vocally Speech
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There are 4 components of normal speech. 1. Breath support 2. Voice 3. Articulation 4. Fluency
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Breath support refers to breathing for speech Regular respiration (breathing) moves oxygen into our bodies and carbon dioxide out to sustain life. This is a passive process With speech breathing, we actively contract muscles to exhale with more force. Passive expiration is not enough to support speech
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Voice is the use of breathing and the vocal folds to produce sounds During voicing, air is exhaled through the vocal folds which begin to vibrate. Vocal folds (cords) are closed. We exhale and this blows them open. They vibrate. Voice then resonates as it moves through our oral and nasal cavities. Need breath support to voice or Vocal Folds cannot vibrate Voice quality (hoarse), volume, and pitch (too high/too deep) affect the sound of speech
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Articulation is how different speech sounds are produced Sounds must be produced accurately and consistently for effective speech Try /s/ (teeth) – voiceless, vocal box not turned on; teeth together Try /b/ (lips) – vocal folds turned on
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Fluency is the rhythm of speech Fluent speech is produced easily and smoothly, without hesitations, interjections, repetitions, or circumlocutions Non-fluent speech – the flow is broken - and broken often Stuttering – disorder of fluency *We ALL have some disfluencies in our speech More tense situation (interview), versus with friends/more relaxed
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. Hearing – what is it?
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  • Spring '13
  • HollyKoegler
  • Human voice, Cluttering

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