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The Bureaucratic Model is an organizational structure and style within law enforcement. Max Weber believed the best way of structuring, managing, and operation an organization was through bureaucracies (The Characteristics and Structure of Police Organizations.). He saw bureaucracies as a solution to issues within an organization. Weber outlines five principles to manage and structure an organization. These principles are Division of Labor, Hierarchy of Authority, Rules, Impersonal Relationships, and Selection and Promotion Based on Competence (The Characteristics and Structure of Police Organizations.). This model, similar to that of the military, derived from the military. Police Departments, like the military, feel the need to command and control an organization by instilling discipline, a chain of command structure, anda rank structure. The way that an organization is run is similar to the way that police conduct
their training.Police training follows the bureaucratic model used by police departments. Police training mimics the training that the military gets. Seeing how the military was organized and able to command and control their troops was something that police departments saw as beneficial. As aresult, police departments starting using para-military style training. The para-military style training was implemented to prepare recruits for the stress they would encounter while conducting their duties. Like the bureaucracy model, para-military training style involves high stress, discipline, a chain of command, and rank structure. The para-military training style also is similar in that if minor violations occur recruits are punished in the form of physical activities.According to Rahr and Rice (2015), this para-military “boot camp” model was more predominant before 2012 (p. 8). While the para-military training model is still present, the move towards an academic style of training has been more of the focus. The academic style of training, as seen in the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), is centered around training new recruits in an adult learner style similar to college. With the changes in policing, critical thinking and decision-making is more of a top priority rather than just following orders (Rahr & Rice, 2015). The para-military style is no longer conducive as it gave new officers the mentality of “us” versus “them” creating a division between the community andofficers. As a result, more police departments are moving away from a para-military training style. The FBI does not follow a para-training training style. There focus is on an academic styleof training. The academic style of training is focused more on academics, which is intended to assist the newly trained in dealing on situations in a diverse community.
ReferencesRahr, S., & Rice, S. K. (2015). New Perspectives in Policing: From Warriors to Guardians: Recommitting American Police Culture to Democratic Ideals (Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety). Cambridge, MA. Retrieved from The Characteristics and Structure of Police Organizations. (n.d.). Retrieved from -binaries/80717_Brandl_Police_in_America_Chapter_3.pdf Question 4 of 425.0/ 25.0 PointsEssay Grading Rubric ~ Click HereHow do law enforcement agencies recruit and hire the most qualified candidates? Be sure