Majority view if accept jesus will go to heaven

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Majority view= if accept Jesus, will go to heaven manner of his death beheaded for refusing to offer sacrifices to the Roman gods why worship on Sunday b/c it is the day God made the universe & b/c Jesus rose on Sun Tertullian o view toward Greek philosophy “What has Athens to do with Jerusalem, What has the Academy to do with the Church?” Answer: nothing Refused to compromise w/ any non-religious things Opponent of Hellenistic Philosophy o The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Church o Why do heresies arise? Development of the Christian Canon Marcion o his closed canon Criteria: Couldn’t b anything be4 Jesus → no OT o b/c God revealed himself in Jesus (NT) Couldn’t b anything Jewish Anything that sounds like Paul or is frm Paul= accepted develops the first closed canon of acceptable Christian Scriptures. Has the 1 st NT (1 st closed canon) An edited New Testament o An edited Gospel of Luke and 10 epistles of Paul. b/c Luke has more non-Jewish stories than other gospels b/c Luke accompanied Paul o He erased the Jewish elements in every book o his Christology
9 Docetic Christ o use of Paul Worship of Paul Marcion believed that Christ descended frm heaven 2x o Once to suffer & die o Once to call Paul & reveal to Paul the true significance of his death Believes tha Paul sits @ the right hand of Christ 10 of Paul’s Letters are in his canon (used all of Paul) Role of Gnostics o The Gnostics were claiming a secret apostolic tradition and producing a multitude of gospels Put name of authoritative figure on each gospel Ex. Gospel of Thomas Pseudonimity Claimed that got stories frm God → defined Canon Diatessaron o a harmony of the four gospels Shows the four are the most used by the church Tried to create seamless story → have only 1 story of Jesus Criteria for inclusion in the Canon o Apostolicity Does tradition say it was written by apostle? Number 1 Criteria o Antiquity The older it is→ the closer it is to Jesus→ more credible o Orthodoxy Content Does content match wat was orally told? o Practicality use in worship Date for the New Testament in the form we have it/Athanasius o A.D. 367 wrote an Easter letter to his people o He is the first to list the 27 books that now make up our New Testament (in the order we have them). o He mentions other books that are good for private reading but are not scripture: Didache, Shepherd of Hermas . Didache o Good for private reading, but not scripture o Once accepted, but now rejected o Used by Clement of Alexandria and Origen of Alexandria as Scripture. Apocrypha o Christians= differ over their inclusion/rejection of the Apocrypha in the OT list of bks Roman Catholics= accept them Protestants= reject o Neither Jesus nor his apostles ever quoted frm the Apocrypha as Scripture Montanists o The Montanists expanded scripture with emphasis on authoritative new revelations.

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