APA format has one additional rule when it comes to quotation. If the quotation is 40 words or more in length, the quotation marks come off and the entire quotation is set apart in its own paragraph, indented an additional half-inch (these are called "block quotes"): Much was written about the fact that FDR broke Herbert Hoover's written-questions-only rule for White House press conferences. He did that two days after Eleanor, in the first of a series of first-lady news conferences, fielded unwritten questions from female reporters (Lord, 2003, p.12). Be careful not to overuse direct quotations, however. Direct quotations are appropriate in three instances: •Dialogue: these words were actually spoken by someone. •Incredibly well-worded passages: the wording is so perfect that it cannot possibly be improved upon. •Critique: showing what the original author said exactly so that it can be criticized. The source types noted (book written by one author, magazine, Web page) are not the only sources you will encounter. To read more, visit the section on Sample APA Citations.3111_wl_rcp_apa1.doc Page 5 of 5
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