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Efforts to make progress in TPPby developing stronger protections for patents, trademarks copyrights, and trade secrets—including safeguards against cyber theft of trade secrets—is made more perilous by the existence of the NSA programs.TPPTPP solves multiple scenarios for conflict throughout asia and east asia – impact D and thumpers don’t applytrumps every alt cause, thumper, and impact d - - it’s the necessary and sufficient condition for every internal linkEconomist 14. [11-15-14 --- -push-free-trade-pact-pacific-more-vigorously-americas-big-bet]In September, just days afterMr Abe reiterated in America that TPP was crucialfor raising Japan’s agricultural competitiveness and helping it adjust to an ageing society, TPP talks between the two countries abruptly broke down.Each side blamed the other, though Americans continue to suspect that the problem is not Mr Abe’s own commitment but the weight the farmers carry with his bureaucrats. The Japanese, for their part, realisethat their best offer may never be good enough for Congress, so without TPA there is unlikely to be TPP.Mr Froman, the trade tsar, puts TPP into a dauntingly ambitious context. He calls it central toAmerica’s pivot to Asia, a chance to show the country’s commitmentto creating institutionsthat moderate territorial disputes, andan opportunity to show emerging economies(meaning China) whateconomic rules the global economy should follow. “At a time when there is uncertainty aboutthe direction of the global trading system, TPP can play a central rolein setting rules of the roadfor a critical regionin flux,”he says. The flipside of this is that failure becomes an even bigger risk, which Mr Froman acknowledges. Perhaps in an effort to prod a somnolent, introspective Congress into action, he makes the dramatic claim that failure could mean America “would forfeitits seat atthe centre ofthe global economy”. Many pundits in Washington agree that American leadership in Asiais on the table. MichaelGreen ofthe Centre for Strategic and International Studies says TPP failure would“undermine the impression ofthe United States as a Pacific powerand look likean abdication of leadership”. It would also take pressure off Japan and China to reformtheir economies. Mireya Solís, a Japan expert atthe Brookings Institution, says it would be a “devastating blow tothe United States’ credibility”. Those views are echoed in East Asia. Mr Tay in Singapore says TPP failure would be a disaster:“If thedomestic issuesof these two countries cannot be resolved, there is no sensethat theUS-Japan alliance can provideany kind of steerage for the region.”Deborah Elms, head of the Singapore-based Asian Trade Centre, suggests that so far the American pivot has manifested itself mainly as an extra 1,000 marines stationed in Australia. “Without TPP, all the pivot amounts tois a few extra boots on the groundin Darwin,” she says.