To common belief it did not prohibit the purchase or

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to common belief, it did not prohibit the purchase or consumption of alcohol. The Amendment was ratified on January 18, 1919, went into effect one year later, and was repealed by the 21st Amendment on December 5, 1933. Small-time operators were faced with competition from the organized crime and criminal gangs that fought each other for market control. Speakeasies o An illegal bar where drinks were sold, during the time of prohibition. It was called a Speakeasy because people literally had to speak easy so they were not caught drinking alcohol by the police. o - changed the way many American viewed themselves in terms of being law abiding citizens, since they were breaking the law - were meant to be secret, but many people knew where they were - white patrons mingle with black patrons, straight patrons mingle with gay patrons - underworld of NYC society where people of different margins interact - broader challenge to socialized Conventions Al Capone o A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs. Drag Balls
o -Popular, gay, organized by black gay social clubs; ethos of pride; emulated black fashion and the society ball in a respectful way -Comparatively public events featuring female impersonators; popular for black and white tourists Feb 14 th Warren G. Harding o Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for gov't or presidency. "return to normalcy" after Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, had an affair, surrounded himself w/ cronies (used office for private gain). Ex) Sec. of Interior leased gov't land w/ oil for $500,000 and took money himself. Died after 3 years in office, VP: Coolidge took over Calvin Coolidge o 30th president of the US conservative He wanted laissez-faire government where the businesses rule the gov't. didnt let the government spend $ lowered taxes on americans and raised them on imported goods. "Business of America is Business" RE-Elected in '24 Pro Isolation Gained Presidency after the sudden death of Warren G. Harding. He restored public confidence in the White House Herbert Hoover o candidate of 1928 election- won said he would bring prosperity and get rid of poverty president during the great depression Made many false promises and gave the American people a false sense of hope. president when the stock market crashed Welfare capitalism o - a push back against unionization - replaces welfare state --> corporations providing a safety net for workers, instead of the government providing a safety net for workers --> meant to draw workers away from unions and align them more with the industry they work for - Includes: --> respect for seniority --> avenues for complaints from workers --> avenues for representation --> job security --> pension, health insurance, and sick pay - *doesn't fully adhere to all these promises (job security, representation) - successfully convinces workers that a good employer will take responsibility for the welfare of workers --> one of the reasons healthcare is part of the workforce today

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