Chapter 3 full version.pptx

Trans the hydrogens are on opposite sides of the ring

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Trans : The hydrogens are on opposite sides of the ring. They have different configurations; they can be separated.
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Sometimes cis and trans do not work
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The E,Z System of Nomenclature Z = Zusammen (together) E = Entgegen (opposite)
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Relative Priorities The relative priorities of the two groups depends on the atomic numbers of the atoms attached to the sp 2 carbon .
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The E and Z Isomers ( E ) 1-chloro-3-(chloromethyl)-4-ethyl-5-methylhex-3-ene
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Double Bonds Break multiple bonds into equivalent single bonds lower higher
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Isotopes
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Reactions of Organic Compounds Electrophilic Addition (general) Hydrohalogenation (more specific, could be HCl, HBr, or HI Hydrobromination (specific for HBr)
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Electrophiles An electrophile is a Lewis acid and has: a positive charge or a partial positive charge or an incomplete octet . Nucleophiles A nucleophile is a Lewis base and has: a lone pair of electrons and/or a negative charge
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Reactive Intermediates During the course of a reaction, a reactive intermediate may be involved.
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