SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISE Discuss Guidance as a profession. 4.0 CONCLUSION It is in the area of code of ethics, standards for certification and licensing that guidance may be said not to have fully become a profession in Nigeria. At the time of writing no code of ethics had been formally established by the Association steps are however on the way for this to be realised as is seen in the report of the sub-committee for policy guidelines on certification and licensing.
141 5.0 SUMMARY One cannot say with absolute conviction that guidance in Nigeria has attained full professionalisation. We can only say that it has partially achieved this. Major areas which are required to make guidance attain full professional status are the following (i) Proper legal registration of the Association by 1985 this had not been done as can be inferred from the minutes of the ninth annual general meeting held at University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu in August 1985. (ii) The issues of code of ethics and professional responsibilities has not been explicitly spelt out. (iii) The question of a mode of certifying and licencing members be firmly established in the occupational group. Each of the tree areas mentioned above are important areas without which we cannot claim professional status. 6.0 TUTUR MARKED ASSIGNMENT Is Guidance and Counselling a profession? 7.0 REFERENCES Alexandria, V. A. (1987) Code of ethics National Board for Certified Counsellor Idowu, A. I. (2014) Guidance and Counselling: An Overview. In Idowu, A. I. (Ed) Guidance and Counselling in Education. Leggatt, T. (1970). Teaching as a Profession in Jackson J.J. Edited professions and professionalization, London, Cambridge University Press. 155-156.
142 Moore, W.E. (1970) The Professions, Roles and Rules. New York, Russell sa foundation. Shertzer, B. Stone, S.C (1976). Fundamentals of guidance, Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, (121-130). UNIT 5: PARADIGM SHIFT IN COUNSELLING 1.0 INTRODUCTION Technology and social conditions are constantly and rapidly changing thereby making obsolete certain practices that used to be valid not too long ago. The dynamism in the area of counseling has necessitated a paradigm shift from dependence on face to face and manual counseling to on-line counselling. On line- counseling is the provision of professional counselling services via the
143 internet. It is ICT based counselling. This could be through an exchange of series of e-mails, through chat room and video conferencing. Today, we are very easily and instantly connected to each other through e-mails, cell phones, social media sites and a myriad of such technologies. 2.0 OBJECTIVES At the end of this unit, you should be able to Define social media. Discuss the need for paradigm shift in counselling. Describe what facebook is. Discuss the use of Twitter & E-mail in counselling.
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