The problem with a simple comparison design is that a

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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 5
Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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118.The problem with a simple comparison design is that a)it doesn’t fully control for the influence of other variables.b)it is insufficient for demonstrating a clear functional relationship.c)the independent variable cannot be manipulated.d)both a and b>D 75 Reversal (ABAB) Design
119.A(n) _____ design involves repeated alternations between a baseline condition and a treatment condition.
120.A reversal design is sometimes also called an
121.If I want to convince someone that his habit of watching exciting television shows each evening is causing his insomnia, it would be best to use which type of experimental design?
QZ122.For a reversal design to clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of a certain treatment, the behavior must a)return to its original baseline level during the second baseline phase.b)remain at the treatment level during the second baseline phase.c)remain at the baseline level during the treatment phase.d)both b and c>A 75-78FN
123.In a reversal design, the level of behavior in the first A phase needs to be _____ the level of behavior in the second A phase in order to prove that the treatment is effective.
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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 5
Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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124.A reversal design that is conducted across four different subjects
75-78MD125.Dr. Alvarez is treating Marcus for a behavioral problem. First, she records a baseline level of the behavior for several days. The rate of the behavior is quite high. Next, she implements a behavior modification program based on punishment. When that approach has little success in reducing the behavior, she tries a second program based on reinforcement. The second treatment appears to work and the behavior is dramatically reduced. She then goes back to baseline and the behavior reverts back to pre-treatment levels. When Dr. Alvarez once again implements the second treatment method, the behavior goes away. This is an example of

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