at Westminster Abbey where he is buried Operas in English Operas typically in

At westminster abbey where he is buried operas in

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at Westminster Abbey (where he is buried) Operas in English Operas typically in other languages Can’t easily be translated since the translated words wont always fit with the melodic phrase Opera houses today often have super titles Operas written in English
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The Classical Era (1750-1800)   “Classical”
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The Classical Era (1750-1800)   A classic is something that endures this is the first music that never went out of fashion Ideals of Greek and Roman antiquity Drawn to aesthetic beauty in this Interested in FORM Transitional period . Only 50 years long 1720-1790: Age of Enlightenment Critical thinking and reasoned discussion important Freed from “dark superstition” Interest in science Disconnect with the established social order French and American Revolution; Declaration of Independence Voltaire, Rousseau, Thomas Jefferson Voltaire- very secular and could not wait until music did not include all religious music Emphasis on human rights and the pursuit of happiness New technology: steam engine, cotton gin, interchangeable parts New urban population needed cultural instructions Theatres and concert halls for the paying public Composers had to appeal to wider audiences Haydn & Mozart: two leading composers Balance, clarity and naturalness
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The Classical Era (1750-1800)   Melodies: less complex, more tuneful, more balanced Phrasing: more symmetrical; based on dance rhythms Texture: more often homophonic; occasional polyphony Instruments: equal importance with voice Themes (as in sonata form) or instruments (as in the string quartet) as characters that participate in rational conversations Joseph Haydn: String Quartet in C Maj. 2 nd movement The String Quartet Genre essentially established by Haydn Intimate genre Not generally for public performances Like a conversation among the players Heterogeneous texture Common Movements 1. Sonata form: fast 2. Sonata, there and variations, or ABD: slower’ contrasting key 3. Minuet: stylized dance in triple meter 4. Finale: very fast String Quartet in C Major 2 nd movement Theme and variations Popular classical form
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The Classical Era (1750-1800)   Theme taken from Haydn’s song for the Holy Roman Emperor Franz II’s birthday, became Austrian national anthem Only instrumentation and accompaniment are varied here Periodic Phrase Structure Comes from Latin word for “sentence” (periodus)_ AABCC A phrases have half cadences (like commas) B phrase has half cadence C phrases have full cadences (like periods) Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Music director for prince Nicholas Esterhazy for almost 3 decades Composing for the prince Conducting: in charge of one of the best orchestras in Europe Keeping order among musicians After the death of the prince, Haydn made 2 long trips to England (1790) Composed symphonies, songs, and piano works Returned to Vienna in 1795: produced oratorios, masses, string quartets, and taught Beethoven Joseph Haydn- Symphony no. 102 in B-flat major One of Haydn’s 12 London symphonies In the context of the aftermath of the revolution: Ideals of liberty equality personal freedom fraternity Some heard this symphony as mirroring those ideals
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  • Fall '09
  • ERICARUMBLEY
  • Music, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Sonata form, Baroque music, Musical Form

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