like the Luddites we read about in the Gales of Destruction section, where textile workers opposed new technology. ● Like the Luddites musicians were not necessarily afraid of technology improvement - they were defending their livelihoods.
Slide 3: ● Fears grew for musicians as the power of the 4 major recording companies increased. ● Columbia, RCA Victor, Decca, and Capitol Records controlled the industry now, and transformed music from something artistic to a money making enterprise. ● These companies were making large profits while musicians slowly lost control of their creations - The existing copyright laws of the time failed to protect them. ● With mass production of records, and their substitution for live performances, musicians became displaced - also known as “technological unemployment.” Slide 4: ● AFM aimed to gain more control and restrict the extent of commercial use of records. ● James Caeser Petrillo became one of the most vocal union leaders seeking to regulate the recording industry. ● From his perspective when musicians agreed to make records they were putting themselves out of business. ● Petrillo was based in Chicago as the local union leader Slide 5: - JUMP BACK IN TIME - A FEW THINGS HE DID - ● In 1935 he succeeded in obtaining an arrangement where all recordings were destroyed after being broadcast once.
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- Fall '17
- Communications, Trade union, Record label, James Caeser Petrillo