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37 explain how the cell membrane enables the cell to

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37. Explain how the cell membrane enables the cell to maintain homeostasis.
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Key Terms: science consistency observability natural predictability testability tentativeness qualitative observation quantitative observation observations fact law theory hypothesis controlled experiment experimental group control group independent variable dependent variable control variable single-blind test double-blind test biology homeostasis metabolism Evolution Adaptation Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics Adaptive radiation Gene Allele Mutation Gene Pool Gene Frequency Gene Flow Genetic Drift The Bottleneck Effect Founder Effect Monoculture Natural Selection Survival of the Fittest Fitness Sexual Selection Coevolution Artificial Selection Microevolution Macroevolution Species Speciation Fertilization Zygote Geographic isolation Ecological isolation Temporal isolation Behavioral isolation Mechanical isolation Gametic isolation Reduced hybrid viability Reduced hybrid fertility Hybrid breakdown Gradualism Punctuated equilibrium Homologous Structures Divergent Evolution Analogous Structures Convergent Evolution Vestigial Organ Taxonomy Genus Specific Epithet Species name (scientific name) Phylogenetic tree Node Clade Cladistics Derived Character Cladogram Ecology Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biosphere Abiotic Biotic Carrying Capacity Limiting Factors Density-dependent Limiting factor Density-independent Limiting factor Homeostasis Interspecific Competition Intraspecific Competition Niche Competitive Exclusion Predation Parasitism Mutualism Commensalism Primary Succession Secondary Succession Invasive Species Transpiration Cohesion Adhesion Xylem Stomata Trophic level Food Chain Food Web Producers Consumers Decomposers Autotroph Chemosynthesis Photosynthesis Heterotrophs Herbivores Carnivores Omnivores Detritus Pyramid of energy Pyramid of numbers Pyramid of biomass K-selected organisms R-selected organism Biomass Matter Matter Element Atom Electron Proton Neutron Atomic Number Atomic Mass Isotope Radioactive Isotope Radiometric Dating Half-life Compound Chemical bond Chemical reaction Cohesion Adhesion Polar molecule Hydrogen bond Solvent Solute Solution Acidic Solution Basic Solution Neutral Solution Buffer Macromolecule Monomer Polymer Dehydration synthesis Hydrolysis Carbohydrate Hydrophilic Monosaccharide Disaccharide Polysaccharide Starch Glycogen Cellulose Chitin Hydrophobic Fat Triglyceride
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Saturated fat Unsaturated fat Trans fat Phospholipid Steroid Cholesterol HDL LDL Nucleic Acid Protein Metabolism Anabolism Catabolism Enzyme Activation Energy Substrate Active Site Enzyme denaturation Cell Theory Scanning electron microscope (SEM) Transmission electron microscope (TEM) Plasma membrane Nucleus Nucleolus Cytoplasm Ribosome Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus Lysosome Apoptosis Peroxisomes Cytoskeleton Centrosomes Centrioles Vacuole Vesicle Central Vacuole Contractile Vacuole Mitochondria Chloroplast Photosynthesis Endosymbiotic Theory Cell Wall Flagella Cillia Pseudopod Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell Stem cell Totipotent Pluripotent Multipotent Teratoma Tissue Organ Organ System Semi-permeable Amphipathic Fluid-mosaic model Membrane Proteins Passive Transport Diffusion Facilitated Diffusion Type I or insulin-dependent diabetes Type II or non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus Osmosis Hypertonic Hypotonic Isotonic Active Transport Vesicles Exocytosis Endocytosis
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