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9:11:12 The Scientific Revolution

Worlds continuation and improvement of this in the

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worlds; continuation and improvement of this in the Renaissance & early modern period; (Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man) - Neo-Platonism : Plontius (3 rd CE); One Transcendent Being, from whom the rest of the universe emanates; emphasis on abstract nature of knowledge & encouragement of mathematical investigation; had a lot of influence on Humanists - Humanism : inspired by ideas of Neo-platonism; committed for a search of truth & morality; belief in commonality of human nature & the mechanisms of the universe - Mechanism : Archimedes – the universe operates on the basis of mechanical forces; observable causes & effects; Hobbes – Leviathan (opening passages) In science, Geocentrism – Earth is the center of the universe; supported by ancient Greeks, observation; problems: planets & stars seem to move, Ptolomy’s math, and crisis of the calendar 10 days removed Worked to revise the Julian Calendar (1563 – Council of Trent); Russia Gregorian calendar (1 month off) Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543): philosopher, lawyer, astronomer, mathematician, neo-Platonist; proposed Heliocentric Theory sun in the center; wrote De Revolutionibus (revolution of the heavenly bodies) – published in 1543
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