102 florida does not have such a requirement but the

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102 Florida does not have such a requirement, but the statute mandates specific qualifications such as the marital status of the parties (the intended parents must be married). 103 88 Id. at 2259-60. 89 WASH. REV. CODE § 26.26.240 (2010). 90 LA. STAT. ANN. § 9:2713 (2005). 91 KY. REV. STAT. ANN. § 199.590(4) (West 2006). 92 NEB. REV. STAT. ANN. § 25-21-200 (L EXIS N EXIS 2008). 93 ARK. CODE ANN. § 9-10-201 (2009). 94 FLA. STAT. ANN. § 742.15 (West 2010). 95 NEV. REV. STAT. § 126.710 (2011). 96 N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 168-B:1-:32 (LexisNexis 2010). 97 N.M. STAT. ANN. § 40-11A-801 (2010). 98 VA. CODE ANN. §§ 20-156-165 (2008). 99 Guide to State Surrogacy laws, American Progress, December 2007, . [] 100 FLA. STAT. ANN. § 742.15 (West 2010). 101 Mortazavi, supra note 10, at 2260. 102 N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 168-B: 8 (LexisNexis 2010). 103 FLA. STAT. ANN. § 742.15(1) (West 2010).
346 IND. INT’L & COM P. L. REV. [Vol. 26:2 Illinois, 104 Texas, 105 and Utah 106 explicitly permit commercial surrogacy, and California implicitly allows commercial surrogacy. 107 Texas 108 and Utah’s 109 statutes recognize “reasonable remuneration paid to the surrogate.” 110 However, these statutes impose heavy restrictions on commercial surrogacy. 111 For example, the Illinois Gestational Surrogacy Act of 1995 limits recognition of commercial surrogacy arrangements to gestational surrogacy. 112 The statute also necessitates a demonstration of medical need, typically procured through a doctor’s affidavit, and requires that intended parents and the gestational surrogate submit to a psychological evaluation. 113 While California is legislatively silent on surrogacy, its case law indicates that California courts will enforce surrogacy agreements and establish legal parentage in the intended parents rather than the surrogate. 114 States that expressly and implicitly permit commercial surrogacy are more popular destinations. Surrogacy legislation has recently become a heavily debated issue in state legislatures. New Hampshire followed the example of pro-surrogacy states such as Illinois and California and, in 2014, enacted a law allowing commercial surrogacy. 115 As states move towards legalizing surrogacy, more avenues become open to potential intended parents who can afford the cost of 104 750 III. COMP. STAT. § 47/5 (2011). 105 TEX. FAM. CODE ANN. § 160.756 (West 2008). 106 UTAH CODE ANN. § 78B-15-803 (LexisNexis 2008). 107 See Mortazavi, supra note 10, at 2261. 108 TEX. FAM. CODE ANN. § 160.756 (West 2008). 109 UTAH CODE ANN. § 78B-15-803 (LexisNexis 2008). 110 Mortazavi, supra note 10, at 2261. 111 Id. at 2260. 112 750 III. COMP. STAT. § 47/1 (2011). 113 Id. 114 Mortazavi, supra note 10, at 2261. See Johnson v. Calvert, 851 P.2d 776, 783-87 (Cal. 1993); Buzzanca v. Buzzanca, 72 Cal. Rptr. 2d 280, 291 (Cal. Ct. App. 1998) . 115 Tamar Lewin, Coming to U.S. for Baby, and Womb to Carry It, N. Y. Times, July 5, 2014, []..
2016] CLIPPING THE STORK’S WINGS 347 surrogacy in the United States. 116 The number of babies born through surrogacy in the United States has tripled over the last ten years.