Created military allowing frederick the great to

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Created military allowing Frederick the Great to conquer land Inherited a Berlin of 6,0000 Nephew of Adolphus; grandson-in-law of William the Silent Hoped to mimic gov & military of Sweden Hope to mimic economy of Netherlands Spent 1+ year in Western Euro studying other nations Secret to Prussian success; MILITARY!!!! Discipline, obedience, efficiency Origins: defensive (30 Years’ War0 & logistics (noncontiguous Euro) 1656: raised first Prussian standing army Also added 40,000 square miles of territory to Prussian Empire Bureaucracy Linked all Junkers (noble ppl) to military Made appeal to be in military Status defined by service Separate law code Nobles had complete control over serfs
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Nobles = supportive of military Could tax nobles who were ok with that (later on) Frugal court spending Spent most $ on military No extra spending on culture or extravagance Smaller middle class to challenge authority Military still encourage economic growth despite lack of free entrepreneurs 1685 Edict of Potsdam Culture of tolerance Wanted Protestants to come Invited French Huguenots to create workforce 1688-1713: Frederick I (Frederick III of Brandenburg) 1/18/1701: first official King of Prussia & only true German king Lent 8,000 troops to Hapsburgs & sold HRE Prussia’s vote during War of Spanish Succession 1713-1740: Frederick William I (Soldier King) First Euro king to always wear military uniform Military = honor, especially leader 1713: 40,000 man standing army; end of Spanish Succession War 1740: 83,000 man standing army, start of War of Austrian Succession 13th in population but 4th larges military in Europe Spent 80% of budget on military vs. 2% on court Edict of 1717 Required children go to school Not enforced though and poor don’t go 1750: Prussia led Europe in primary & secondary education 1694: University of Halle 1740-1786: Frederick II (Frederick the Great) A significant change in policy: actually used army Other Fredericks wanted army just for intimidation for policy Inherited large army & budge surplus Came to power 5 months before Maria Theresa Excuse to attack Austria War of Austrian Succession Made Prussia part of Big 5 Led to alliance with Great Britain (?) in 7 Years’ War Doubled population to 6 million Acquired Silesia at Austria’s expense Russia Background Serfdom stayed for a long time Could be sold regardless of land like slavery Isolations from other European countries Best port was Arkangel on White Sea Which was frozen for 9 months Trouble with trade
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862-1613: Rurik Dynasty Background Scandinavian invasion to Slavic culture → becomes Russia 882: Kiev established as capital Access to Black Sea through river Need ports 988: Prince Vladimir convert to Christianity Wanted to emulate Byzantine empire Russian language based off Byzantine empire Saints Cyril & Methodius create Cyrillic alphabet
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  • Fall '19
  • Louis XIV, Louis XIV of France, Charles II of England

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