Ans a dif easy obj 132c msc understanding not apa

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ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 13.2c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 38. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are both characterized by a. compulsive behaviors. b. overarousal of the parasympathetic nervous system. c. damage to the prefrontal cortex. d. fear in the absence of real danger.
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ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 39. Fernando cannot stop worrying that a thief is going to break into his apartment, so he keeps checking the doors to make sure they are locked. Fernando’s worrisome thoughts about a break-in are a(n) __________. The fact that Fernando checks the locks over and over is a(n) __________. a. compulsion; obsession b. obsession; compulsion c. phobia; ritual d. ritual; phobia ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 40. Malcolm refuses to shake hands with strangers (or anyone else for that matter) because he is fearful that they will infect him with germs. Malcolm is displaying signs of a. panic attacks. b. social phobia. c. obsessive-compulsive disorder. d. agoraphobia. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 41. Tommy has obsessions about cleanliness and is a compulsive hand-washer. Which of the following pieces of evidence would support the view that his obsessive-compulsive disorder is related to operant conditioning? a. Although Tommy has been punished by his parents for hand-washing many times, he continues to engage in the behavior. b. Tommy sees his brother engage in compulsive hand-washing, so he also engages in the behavior. c. Tommy experiences a large reduction in anxiety whenever he washes his hands, so he continues the behavior whenever he becomes anxious. d. Tommy read a sign saying that hand-washing helps prevent illness. ANS: C DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking 42. Women in developing countries, such as India, Brazil, and Chile, experience more __________ than women in developed countries. a. mania b. obsessive-compulsive disorder c. specific phobias d. depression ANS: D DIF: Easy OBJ: 13.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World
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43. People who suffer from major depressive disorder are affected primarily by __________. People who suffer from bipolar I disorder are affected primarily by __________. a. both mania and low mood; either mania or low mood b. low mood; mania c. low mood; low mood and mania d. mania; low mood ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 44. Sarah is a practicing clinical psychologist. She should expect to see a. roughly equal numbers of bipolar and depressed clients.
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