Work teams can be used when designing jobs jobs can

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Work teams can be used when designing jobs.
Jobs can be designed for place and/or time flexibility. Telework is leading to more place flexibility and can be regular, brief occasional, or temporary/emergency. Shift work, compressed work weeks, part-time positions, job sharing, and flextime can provide time and other schedule flexibility. Job analysis is a systematic investigation of the content, context, and human requirements of a job. Task-based job analysis focuses on the tasks, duties, and responsibilities associated with jobs. Competency-based job analysis focuses on basic characteristics of performance such as technical and behavioral competencies. A number of methods of job analysis are used, with interviews and questionnaires being the most popular. The behavioral reactions of employees and managers along with legal compliance issues must be considered as part of job analysis. The end products of a job analysis are job descriptions, which identify the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of jobs, and job specifications, which list the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to perform a job satisfactorily. CRITICAL THINKING CHALLENGES 1. Describe how changes in the workforce have been impacting organizations, including organizations for which you have recently worked. 2. For many individuals, the nature of work and jobs is changing. Describe these changes, some reasons for them, and how they are affecting both human resource management and individuals. 3. Explain how you would conduct a job analysis in a company that has never had job descriptions. Utilize the O*Net as a resource for your information. 4. You have recently assumed the role of Human Resource Manager in your company. In reviewing the company records, you note that the job descriptions were last updated five years ago. The company's President has taken the position that there is no need to update the job descriptions. However, you also note that the company has grown by 50% during the past five years, resulting in many changes, including some in job functions. You want to build a business case to convince the President of the need to update the job descriptions. To help you build your case, use the information on the purpose of job descriptions at . A. How can job descriptions be used as a management tool? B. What role do job descriptions have in helping companies comply with various legal issues? CASE

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