2 who would be required to perform military service

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2. Who would be required to perform military service, and how they would be constrained to do so. “The legal distinction between French citizen and foreigner originated in the late medieval consolidation of royal authority at the expense of seigneurial rights.” kingdom wide status of foreigner created and thus, embryonic legal status of French citizen. Local markets become national markets shift from local boundaries to national boundaries. Lecture: State sovereignty The invention of passport o Torpey, John. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State. o Role of identification in state sovereignty. Central questions o Why is the invention of identification technologies central to the state sovereignty? o What does identification revolution mean?
o In what ways does the state’s monopoly of the “legitimate means of movement” produce rightlessness? o What are the central dilemmas that pertain to statelessness? Keywords o State sovereignty o Invention of passport o Legitimate means of movement o Identification revolution o Surveillance o Identification technologies o Right to a nationality o Legality and illegality o Rightlessness State sovereignty = the state’s monopoly of the right to control its territory. o How does the state exercise the right to its territory? Control of the “legitimate means of movement” 1. Border controls = surveillance tools (immigration laws, detention, deportation). 2. Construction of an exclusive membership o The invention of identification technologies (passports, ID cards) Central issues o Motorize to control the legitimate means of movement Border surveillance tools Construction of an exclusive membership Production of the binary between citizens and aliens (us and them) Clear demarcation between “us” and “them” Production of legality and illegality. Rightlessness and vulnerabilities Ex: Rohingas persecution leads to mass migration Monopoly over the “legitimate means “ of movement o Establishing physical facilities to control, restrain, and confine people in small places where their mobility is restricted. Surveillance tools o Detention centers Identification Revolution o Issuing passport and ID Identification Revolution what implications? o Recently developed capacities to monopolize the authority to regulate movement o Deployment of cards and codes that identify people unambiguously for administrative purposes o Uniform dissemination of identification technologies (passport)
o Elaborate bureaucracies and technologies to identify persons o Issuance of documents in order to verify identities Canada’s control of indigenous peoples o Related to Indian Act of 1868 (control indigenous communities in Canada + issuance of certification of Indian status).

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