The longer a person focuses on something the more likely that it will be stored

The longer a person focuses on something the more

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ignore (Matlin, 2013, p 249). The longer a person focuses on something the more likely that it will be stored into the person’s long-term memory. Memory is the process in which we maintain our information over a period of time. Memory is the essential in our day to day lives and survival. We use memory to acquire, store, retain, and retrieve information. Without memory we would not be able to remember basic needs such as, how to brush our teeth or that we even need to do it daily. There are three stages in memory processing encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encoding involves the information being changed through visual, acoustic and semantic processes. Once the information is encoded, it is stored in the memory for later use. Memory storage often thought of as a filing system used to store short- term, and long-term memory. Memory that is processed through our short-term memory is the information we are currently thinking about. It has a limited capacity of storage and can last for 0 to 30 seconds. Long-term memory is unlimited and can last for our whole life. Memory retrieval is what we use to recall the information from our short term or long-term memory when it is needed or accessed. Eyewitness testimony is an important area of research in cognitive psychology. The accuracy of eyewitness testimony is under controversy due to recent research. Memory recall can be influenced by, consistency bias, we can be apt to exaggerate the consistency by involving our past feelings and personal beliefs with our present perspective (Davis & Loftus, 2007; Schacter, 2001). In another study, Clifford and Scott (1978)" found that people who saw a film of a violent attack remembered fewer of the 40 items of information about the event than a control group who saw a less stressful version. As witnessing a real crime is probably more stressful than taking part in an experiment, memory accuracy may well be even more affected in real life.
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