Attention Deficit hyperactivity disorder, and it is diagnosed by doctors with the help of teachers and parents of the student. The symptoms of ADHD include, but are not limited to, severe difficulty trying to concentrate, not being able to sit still, not being able to stay organized, and being forgetful to finish tasks that have been started. There are some demographic aspects that can play a factor into ADHD as well. “Children living in households where English is the main language are more than four times as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than those children living in households where English is the second language. Children that come from households that make less than two times the federal poverty level have a higher risk than children from higher-income households.” ("ADHD by the Numbers: Facts, Statistics, and You", 2018) English Language Leaners tend to have issues in the classroom because they can’t relate to our language and it impairs the students to not be able to not be able to properly learn as the other students. English Language Learners have the problem as English being their second language, the students have to learn the language before they can read and write proficiently. I feel that this most strongly impacts their literacy skills and being able to learn to read and write the most because this is such an important skill needed for the classroom. Reading and writing are the basis for all other subjects, so until they can properly read and write, the students really aren’t retaining any other information from the other subjects they are studying. “Proficient reading is universally regarded as a skill needed for school and work success, and by the end of first grade, poor readers of all ethnicities show lower self-esteem, self-concept, and motivation to learn to read. Difficulty learning to read also puts culturally and linguistically diverse children (including Spanish-speaking, limited English proficient students) at higher risk for special education labelling and placement (Segan, 1998).” (Hudson, R. F., & Smith, S. W., 2001, September).
One major issue that students with ADHD face is the inability to be able to properly focus, not only in the classroom, but in everyday life. Students that struggle with ADHD struggle with having a short attention span and this results in them being easily distracted and forgetful of most tasks.
- Fall '18
- Educational Psychology, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder