Indeed i came to understand the whiteboard

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Indeed, I came to understand the whiteboard inscriptions of Figure 3 as instrumental to the series of final transformations related to this project: It served as an organizational schematic for the industry white paper containing formalized reportage of findings, and it contained key phrases and ideas that were repeated in a series of interviews and articles in the trade press, in a series of blog posts and an interactive information graphic, and through the Figure 2. Initial transformations of focus group inscriptions. 128
atomization of findings via a series of strategic social media posts. In this study, visual methods guided by ideas from ethnoarchaeology and visual ethnography helped me document complex artifact ecologies and trace organizational knowledge through a complex array of layered and transformed inscriptions and genres, while photo-elicitation helped confirm salient observations and directed subsequent research. More important, these visual methods provide rich representations of participant practice, giving other design of communication researchers a visceral sense of how these media professionals worked. 4.2 Writing, Planning, and Small Group Programming Projects In this example of visual research methods in academe, I describe a different series of written transformations observed during a systematic qualitative case study conducted over the course of a 16-week academic semester. In this project, I explored the role of writing in computer science education by studying a sophomore- level advanced programming course. Taking a WAGR approach, I documented (photographically and in fieldnotes) almost every instance of classroom writing that occurred during the semester. Through a series of three semi-structured interviews conducted with each of ten participants, I explored the relationships between everyday prose, planning, and programming in Java and C#. While evidence of how participants transformed everyday prose as part of complex group programming projects was important, more meaningful findings were generated through photo- elicitation methods during final interviews. Figure 4 displays a simple sequence diagram created by a small student group (four members) in a class exercise introducing Unified Modeling Language (UML) norms during the tenth week of the semester. This sequence diagram is based on the group’s in- progress major project, a system tray program that fetches and displays statistics for a given user of a popular, multiplayer online game. During this 80-minute class session, the instructor modeled UML norms and also worked with each small group to help direct programming decisions and evaluate ongoing progress. While visual methods were significant in documenting writing and planning activities, they were only one aspect of the research process. Indeed, visual documentation coupled with robust fieldnotes created a more holistic understanding of planning and learning processes. This combination of field methods helped me

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