Integration between the programmes different parts will be pursued through

Integration between the programmes different parts

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Integration between the programme’s different parts will be pursued through frequent working seminars for the centre’s scientific staff. 2.1. Sub- Programme I: International migration, changing welfare regimes and the political economy of ethnic labour market segmentation Coordinating team: Carl- Ulrik Schierup, Elisabeth Sundin and Anders Neergaard After the international industrial crisis of the mid- 1970s a politics of economic globalisation have spurred the mobility of capital and a deregulation of markets and trade. This has produced new international divisions of labour and recast relations between financial and productive capital, industry and services (Gowan 1999). Premised on the rapid evolution of IT- technology, the organisation of industrial production and services has changed radically in North Atlantic societies, with a development from mass production and consumption towards flexible specialisation (Piore and Sabel 1984), and with downsizing and outsourcing, in public as well as private sectors. This ‘post-Fordist’ transformation (Liepitz 1987; Jessop 2002a), refers also to deregulation and internationalisation of labour markets, the rise of a ‘network society’ (Castells 1996), the casualisation of employment and changes in industrial relations towards decentralisation and individualisation, and carries with it informalisation of economy and labour markets. International migration and the formation of new ethnic minorities are dynamic constituents of post-Fordist change, deeply affecting the transformation of welfare states (Schierup, Hansen and Castles 2006). New forms of urban labour market segmentation, ethnic occupational niches and transnational business networks emerge, but also the ‘hyper-casualisation’ (Jordan 1996) of those straddling between welfare dependency and work in an ethnicised informal sector. The sub-programme includes studies on migration, economic restructuring, work organisation and ethnic segmentation in comparative perspective. It examines work environments, occupational health and safety and industrial relations. It raises comparative perspectives on globalisation, migration and the informalisation of labour, on employment strategies and institutional discrimination. It explores residential segregation and divisions of labour in cities and the formation of new occupational niches. The theoretical approach is premised on propositons of contemporary comparative research on the political economy of welfare regimes (e.g. Esping- Andersen 1996; Offe 2000; Crouch 1993; Crouch and Streeck 1997; Lash and Urry 1987; Pierson 1998; Jessop 2002a). Mainstream studies on changing welfare states have neglected migration and ethnic relations (Cross and Moore 2002; Schierup 2006a), but we set out to further develop the track of European studies that do include international migration and regional and global ethnic divisions of labour and explore the articulation of national welfare and labour regimes with supra-
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national (EU) policy frameworks (e.g. Veiga 1999; Raes 2000; e.g.
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  • Fall '08
  • Finklerberg

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