The more contextual information provided the more

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particular justice was examined. The more contextual information provided, the more likely the justice was not known at the time of their nomination. 26 If a justice could not be confidently placed in one category based on information from the newspaper articles, information from the biography was consulted. In the few cases where biographies needed to be consulted, the types of jobs held prior to nomination helped place a justice in a group. Only one justice could not be confidently placed in either the ―well known‖ or ―unknown‖ category after consulting their biographical sketch (Justice Fred Vi nson). Ultimately, Justice Vinson was placed in the ―unknown‖ category based on the little information found in his biography. In each category, the justices are listed chronologically based on the year they started on the Court, with the earliest justices at the top. Quotations and important information found in the biographies and newspaper articles are listed for each justice. Article quotations also appear chronologically, with quotations from the earliest articles at the top. Newspaper articles for each justice were published over a range of time. That date range is noted in the chart for each justice. Additionally, the total number of articles and total number of pictures in those articles are also listed. Because the number of 26 Quantitative word counts of the articles would not be an appropriate measure of the public awareness of each nominee. Although this assessment counters logic, for Supreme Court justices, it makes sense. When the public is less familiar with a nominee, more is written about them to introduce them to the public. Pictures function the same way the less known a nominee is, the more pictures accompany their articles. On the other hand, when the public is widely familiar with a nominee, printing several pictures is not needed.
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52 articles was reduced for the post-1930 group 27 , the total number of articles found and the total number of articles coded are both listed. In a few cases, some pictures were not reprinted, because they were blocked by copyright. The number of pictures positively identified as the nominees are listed first, with the number of total possible pictures listed in parentheses (meaning those pictures positively identified as the nominee plus the pictures blocked by copyright). Only pictures that appeared in coded articles were counted. Limitations As with any study, these results are limited by several methodological considerations. First, only one source was consulted for judicial biographies. Each of the biographical articles was written by a different author; each article contained slightly different information about the justices. Some focused more on the justice‘s life prior to ascension to the Court, while others only briefly mentioned such information and focused on the person‘s accomplishments while on the Court. Because of this, there was no consistency in the information found. If a particular fact was not mentioned in the article, it could not be analyzed.
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