23 in this report kenya government efforts towards

Info icon This preview shows pages 36–37. Sign up to view the full content.

23 In this report, Kenya Government efforts towards preventing and eliminating worst forms of child labour are reported for 2012. According to this report, the Kenya Government made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by increasing its financial contributions to social protection programmes, focusing on orphans and vulnerable children. The Government also passed an education bill that strengthened compulsory education. But the report concludes that gaps in legislation persist and the draft list of hazardous work for children had not been adopted. The government had still to commit resources for enforcement efforts, and children in Kenya still continue to be engaged in the worst forms of child labour, especially in agriculture and fishing. The report continues to reveal that the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development (MGCSD) continued to operate four (4) referral centres in areas with high rates of child labour. Above all, the MGCSD allegedly employs 500 child labour officers (Source: U.S. Embassy Nairobi, February 2013)! The above information is misleading because the centres this ministry will be running are not really there to eliminate and prevent worst forms of child labour. This ministry does not employ child labour officers as labour officers are employed only by the Ministry of Labour. The report, further enumerates the programmes, in which the government of Kenya has participated with the sole purpose of eliminating the worst forms of child labour. These programmes were heavily funded by the US government (USDOL), the European Community and the World Bank. Yet, according to the US Department of State’s 2014 Report on Trafficking in Persons, Kenya was put under Tier 2 watch list and was still being considered a source, transit and destination country for men, women children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Thus, according to this recent report within the country, Kenyan children are trafficked and forced to labour in domestic service, agriculture, fishing, cattle herding, street vending and begging. Children, both girls and boys are also exploited in prostitution throughout Kenya ( ). 24 The fact that many efforts have been made to address child labour in Kenya for many years and one still gets statements such as those above in many reports on child labour, one is left with questioning the capacity of those involved in the fight, as well as the strategies being pursued, advocacy included. A lot of advocacy activities were undertaken by different CSOs vis-à-vis ministries, in particular the Ministry of Education and the Department for Children Services. ANPPCAN also adopted an advocacy strategy which yielded some results. All these efforts resulted in a draft National Child Labour Policy. But NGOs cannot force governments to employ the right people. But one could expect the ILO to prevail upon the government to look at the staff requirements, especially if the ILO was
Image of page 36

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 37
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern