Role-of-advocacy-against-child-labour.pdf

23 in this report kenya government efforts towards

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23 In this report, Kenya Government efforts towards preventing and eliminating worst forms of child labour are reported for 2012. According to this report, the Kenya Government made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by increasing its financial contributions to social protection programmes, focusing on orphans and vulnerable children. The Government also passed an education bill that strengthened compulsory education. But the report concludes that gaps in legislation persist and the draft list of hazardous work for children had not been adopted. The government had still to commit resources for enforcement efforts, and children in Kenya still continue to be engaged in the worst forms of child labour, especially in agriculture and fishing. The report continues to reveal that the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development (MGCSD) continued to operate four (4) referral centres in areas with high rates of child labour. Above all, the MGCSD allegedly employs 500 child labour officers (Source: U.S. Embassy Nairobi, February 2013)! The above information is misleading because the centres this ministry will be running are not really there to eliminate and prevent worst forms of child labour. This ministry does not employ child labour officers as labour officers are employed only by the Ministry of Labour. The report, further enumerates the programmes, in which the government of Kenya has participated with the sole purpose of eliminating the worst forms of child labour. These programmes were heavily funded by the US government (USDOL), the European Community and the World Bank. Yet, according to the US Department of State’s 2014 Report on Trafficking in Persons, Kenya was put under Tier 2 watch list and was still being considered a source, transit and destination country for men, women children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Thus, according to this recent report within the country, Kenyan children are trafficked and forced to labour in domestic service, agriculture, fishing, cattle herding, street vending and begging. Children, both girls and boys are also exploited in prostitution throughout Kenya ( ). 24 The fact that many efforts have been made to address child labour in Kenya for many years and one still gets statements such as those above in many reports on child labour, one is left with questioning the capacity of those involved in the fight, as well as the strategies being pursued, advocacy included. A lot of advocacy activities were undertaken by different CSOs vis-à-vis ministries, in particular the Ministry of Education and the Department for Children Services. ANPPCAN also adopted an advocacy strategy which yielded some results. All these efforts resulted in a draft National Child Labour Policy. But NGOs cannot force governments to employ the right people. But one could expect the ILO to prevail upon the government to look at the staff requirements, especially if the ILO was
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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