What pathologic change occurs to the kidneys

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Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition
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Chapter 23 / Exercise 01
Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition
Rolfes/Whitney
Expert Verified
6. What pathologic change occurs to the kidney’s glomeruli as a result of hypertension? a. Compression of the renal tubulesb. Ischemia of the tubulec. Increased pressure from within the tubuled. Obstruction of the renal tubuleANS: B In the kidney, vasoconstriction and resultant decreased renal perfusion cause tubular ischemia and preglomerular arteriopathy. This selection is the only option that accurately identifies the pathologic change to the kidney that occurs as a result of hypertension.PTS: 1 REF: Pages 1134-1136 7. What effect does atherosclerosis have on the development of an aneurysm? a. Atherosclerosis causes ischemia of the intima.b. It increases nitric oxide.c. Atherosclerosis erodes the vessel wall.d. It obstructs the vessel.ANS: C Atherosclerosis is a common cause of aneurysms because plaque formation erodes the vessel wall. This selection is the only option that accurately identifies the effect that atherosclerosis has on aneurysm development.PTS: 1 REF: Pages 1141-1142 8. Regarding the endothelium, what is the difference between healthy vessel walls and those that promote clot formation? a. Inflammation and roughening of the endothelium of the artery are present.b. Hypertrophy and vasoconstriction of the endothelium of the artery are present.
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 23 / Exercise 01
Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition
Rolfes/Whitney
Expert Verified
c. Excessive clot formation and lipid accumulation in the endothelium of the artery are present.d. Evidence of age-related changes that weaken the endothelium of the artery are present.ANS: A Invasion of the tunica intima by an infectious agent also roughens the normally smooth lining of the artery, causing platelets to adhere readily. This selection is the only option that accurately describes the mechanism that supports abnormal clot formation.PTS: 1 REF: Pages 1142-1143 9. What is the usual source of pulmonary emboli? a. Deep venous thrombosisc. Valvular diseaseb. Endocarditisd. Left heart failureANS: A Pulmonary emboli originate in the venous circulation (mostly from the deep veins of the legs) or in the right heart. This selection is the only option that accurately identifies the usual source of pulmonary emboli.PTS: 1 REF: Page 114310. Which factor can trigger an immune response in the bloodstream that may result in an embolus? a. Amniotic fluidc. Bacteriab. Fatd. AirANS: A Of the options available, only amniotic fluid displaces blood, thereby reducing oxygen, nutrients, and waste exchange; however, it also introduces antigens, cells, and protein aggregates that trigger inflammation, coagulation, and the immune response in the bloodstream.PTS: 1 REF: Pages 1143-1144

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