(Gürel et.al, 2012).Despite all the problems experienced by SMEs located in Turkey, Turkish SMEs want toexport to foreign countries (Becerikli, 2000). SMEs wants to grow but they don’t have anyinformation about internationalization. When researchers interviewed from different MENPET,TAMER TECHNIC, two of them stated that they export but they don’t have any specificinternationalization plan. Also, they do not have any information about in popularinternationalisation models (Birhan, 2004).Literature studies and interviews conducted during this dissertation shows that Turkish SMEsare willing to export. However, internal and external problems failed government initiativesand lack of information led SMEs to reduce this export demand.Despite this desire, SMEsstill wants to export. For this reason, Turkish SMEs should be given the advice to overcomethese problems (Gürsoy,2016), (Binhan, 2004).5.2.RecommendationDuring the research, Turkish SMEs were observed to be willing to export. However, TurkishSMEs face many internal and external problems at the same time. This situation has aserious negative effect especially on the desire to export.To list these problems; there aremany competitors in the sector, high prices of raw materials and energy, customs problems,insufficient economy, political problems and many other problems (Aykaç, et.al, 2008).
In order to remove these problems and to help SMEs, the Turkish government hasestablished KOSGEB and has also undertaken BASEL II and BASEL III studies (Uner, 2013).However, in the course of the interviews conducted during the research; it has beenstipulated that the inadequacy of KOSGEB activities, the fact that BASEL II activity onlyfunctions in financial terms and that companies have no knowledge of internationalization arevery big problems for Turkish SMEs. In order to solve these problems, the recommendationis given in this section (Gürsoy,2016), (Binhan, 2004).Suggestions for the solution of the problems are gathered under 3 main headings: 1.Training of SME managers and employees on internationalization models,2. Development of KOSGEB activities, 3.To prevent BASEL III from failing.5.2.1. Development of KOSGEB ActivitiesKOSGEB; is established by the Turkish state and it assists them in the problems SMEs haveencountered. It was established on April 20, 1990, for this purpose and it is still continuing itsactivities. However, the activities of KOSGEB are only based on advertisements and fairworks.This situation shows that KOSGEB can not realize its real aim.In order to develop this situation and make KOSGEB useful for SMEs, KOSGEB needs totake successful institutions with similar characteristics in different countries.An example ofthis is the institution; The European Commission is the Executive Agency for Small andMedium-sized Enterprises (EASME) (Clusters Go International, 2017). They create ‘clustergo international’ project March 01, 2016. The 'cluster go international' project, which they have created, is actively involved inimportant and active steps to SMEs' internationalization and export.SMEs, like they are inTurkey, are also important in this project. The development of SMEs in this project plays a