al 2012 Despite all the problems experienced by SMEs located in Turkey Turkish

Al 2012 despite all the problems experienced by smes

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(Gürel et.al, 2012). Despite all the problems experienced by SMEs located in Turkey, Turkish SMEs want to export to foreign countries (Becerikli, 2000). SMEs wants to grow but they don’t have any information about internationalization. When researchers interviewed from different MENPET, TAMER TECHNIC, two of them stated that they export but they don’t have any specific internationalization plan. Also, they do not have any information about in popular internationalisation models (Birhan, 2004). Literature studies and interviews conducted during this dissertation shows that Turkish SMEs are willing to export. However, internal and external problems failed government initiatives and lack of information led SMEs to reduce this export demand. Despite this desire, SMEs still wants to export. For this reason, Turkish SMEs should be given the advice to overcome these problems (Gürsoy,2016), (Binhan, 2004). 5.2.Recommendation During the research, Turkish SMEs were observed to be willing to export. However, Turkish SMEs face many internal and external problems at the same time. This situation has a serious negative effect especially on the desire to export. To list these problems; there are many competitors in the sector, high prices of raw materials and energy, customs problems, insufficient economy, political problems and many other problems (Aykaç, et.al, 2008).
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In order to remove these problems and to help SMEs, the Turkish government has established KOSGEB and has also undertaken BASEL II and BASEL III studies (Uner, 2013). However, in the course of the interviews conducted during the research; it has been stipulated that the inadequacy of KOSGEB activities, the fact that BASEL II activity only functions in financial terms and that companies have no knowledge of internationalization are very big problems for Turkish SMEs. In order to solve these problems, the recommendation is given in this section (Gürsoy,2016), (Binhan, 2004). Suggestions for the solution of the problems are gathered under 3 main headings: 1.Training of SME managers and employees on internationalization models, 2. Development of KOSGEB activities, 3.To prevent BASEL III from failing. 5.2.1. Development of KOSGEB Activities KOSGEB; is established by the Turkish state and it assists them in the problems SMEs have encountered. It was established on April 20, 1990, for this purpose and it is still continuing its activities. However, the activities of KOSGEB are only based on advertisements and fair works. This situation shows that KOSGEB can not realize its real aim. In order to develop this situation and make KOSGEB useful for SMEs, KOSGEB needs to take successful institutions with similar characteristics in different countries. An example of this is the institution; The European Commission is the Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) (Clusters Go International, 2017). They create ‘cluster go international’ project March 01, 2016. The 'cluster go international' project, which they have created, is actively involved in important and active steps to SMEs' internationalization and export. SMEs, like they are in Turkey, are also important in this project. The development of SMEs in this project plays a
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