For most of history it was like this with the defend ability Even this has changed significantly in the last years because… - Shift 3: from dependability to recognition o Meaning, if you can get enough sovereign states to recognize you’re ultimate power over your territory, then you could get into the “country club”
August 30, 2016 o How to do that in today’s world? Go through the United Nations o To become a sovereign state in today’s world you simply need to get a resolution from the UN o Recognition thing! Vatican City can’t defend itself - One last detail: the UN Permanent Security Council o This a band of 5 groups: US, UK, China, Russia, and France They are very important Every resolution must pass through this group of 5 Every member of this group has veto power Any one of these countries can stop a resolution No matter if every other single country in the world recognizes “BoyerLand”, if one of those 5 vetoes it it will not happen o Just one of the 5! o You can see this in today’s world with a few concrete examples: Taiwan: China considers Taiwan part of its territory so it can veto Taiwan’s resolution Kosovo: part of Serbia, but Serbia is an ally of Russia so it won’t get through the P5 Texas: what if Texas tried to succeed? The US would say no - Is the story of sovereignty now done? No o Because of one little word can undo sovereignty at any given time… Genocide Video 3.2: Speaking of Sovereignty: Sovereignty Stopper: Genocide - Genocide! o Modern era has changed - Genocide: the deliberate and systematic destruction of a specific ethnic, racial, religious, or national group of human beings o To completely exterminate a group of people so thoroughly so that no piece of their existence remains o Movement from defend ability to recognition: rise of international institutions o The states kept beating the shit out of each other Challenging or defending their sovereignty from each other o When these wars happened, people said “hey we need a better way” so the UN was established
August 30, 2016 After World War 1: the League of Nations Was started up in 1919/1920 and didn’t work There were a lot of states that didn’t want to give up their power (USA) or other states who had territorial issues (Germans) so this caused the world to re-destroy itself in World War 2 In WW2, the weapons were so lethal that they needed to figure something So the United Nations was formed in 1945 Has become the premier international institution of our time Where the sovereign states can get together to solve problems together All these countries that created the rules where everyone recognizes others’ sovereignty There should be no more reason to fight anymore UNLESS someone violates the sovereignty of someone else Sadam Hussein (former leader of Iraq): when he invaded Kuwait The whole world said WTF o The US wanted to stop him o The whole world agreed and went to stop him o in establishing these rules and norms the world has started the
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