3 the question of how individuals acted or did not

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3. The question of how individuals acted -- or did not act-- in the face of the most extreme situation imaginable has engaged most of the scholars and survivors whose works we have studied. In this essay, discuss how scholars have attempted to understand perpetrator and bystander behavior during the Holocaust. Based on the work of Arendt, Browning, Goldhagen, Gross, Wyman, Lewy, discuss how you would define perpetrators and bystanders, and illustrate the various contexts and factors leading to behaviors and decisions made by the groups, individuals, and institutions discussed by these scholars. What are the questions asked by each scholar, and what kinds of answers or explanations about human or individual behavior has each proposed? discuss how you would define perpetrators and bystanders illustrate the various contexts and factors leading to behaviors and decisions made by the groups, individuals, and institutions discussed by these scholars
What are the questions asked by each scholar? what kinds of answers or explanations about human or individual behavior has each proposed? 1. Perpetrators: Why did Germans become Nazis? Arendt born a German Jew in 1906, she studied with German’s leading philosopher but he accepted some ideas of Nazi party and threw his support with Nazis, She fled Germany and went to Paris in 1933 and in 1940 she was brought to the U.S. by a mission led by an organized rescue of thousands of intellectuals from occupied Europe Adolf Eichmann was the one who very efficiently and effectively executed and developed the policies and plans of final solution. Israeli’s captured him in 1960’s in South America and put him in trial in 1961and hanged him. Hannah Arendt wrote about the trial in Israel. Eichmann was not an Ideological Nazi when the party came about but he joined the SS—he was moved to the intelligence section of the Jewish operations, in 1935 he became a leader in this area, he came to regard the solution of the Jewish question as his life’s work and calling. It was him who went down to Vienna and expedited the Jewish transport and convinced them to leave without property. He became a real professional of the Jewish question, he even went to Palestine in 1937 on a “fact-finding” mission about whether having Jews in a Zionist state would be in their interest, eventually they found it wasn’t. He was supposed to think of ideas for the Madagascar plan. He essentially had control of many countries’ populations. Eichmann became the expert on the broadest vision of the entire plan, he closed immigration in preparation for extermination in 1941, he did not do any killings but he even took pleasure in them… “Trucks for blood”—negotiation to stop deportation of Jews He writes in some memoirs for prison—he expected it and it was only an amount of time. Living an a community of former Nazis in Argentina with his family.

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