3 the question of how individuals acted or did not

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3. The question of how individuals acted -- or did not act-- in the face of the most extremesituation imaginable has engaged most of the scholars and survivors whose works we havestudied. In this essay, discuss how scholars have attempted to understand perpetrator andbystander behavior during the Holocaust. Based on the work ofArendt, Browning,Goldhagen, Gross, Wyman, Lewy, discuss how you would define perpetrators andbystanders, and illustrate the various contexts and factors leading to behaviors anddecisions made by the groups, individuals, and institutions discussed by these scholars.What are the questions asked by each scholar, and what kinds of answers or explanationsabout human or individual behavior has each proposed?discuss how you would define perpetrators and bystandersillustrate the various contexts and factors leading to behaviors and decisions made by the groups,individuals, and institutions discussed by these scholars
What are the questions asked by each scholar?what kinds of answers or explanations about human or individual behavior has each proposed?1. Perpetrators:Why did Germans become Nazis?Arendtborn a German Jew in 1906, she studied with German’s leading philosopher but he acceptedsome ideas of Nazi party and threw his support with Nazis,She fled Germany and went to Paris in 1933 and in 1940 she was brought to the U.S. by amission led by an organized rescue of thousands of intellectuals from occupied EuropeAdolf Eichmann was the one who very efficiently and effectively executed and developed thepolicies and plans of final solution. Israeli’s captured him in 1960’s in South America and puthim in trial in 1961and hanged him.Hannah Arendt wrote about the trial in Israel.Eichmann was not an Ideological Nazi when the party came about but he joined the SS—he wasmoved to the intelligence section of the Jewish operations, in 1935 he became a leader in thisarea, he came to regard the solution of the Jewish question as his life’s work and calling. It washim who went down to Vienna and expedited the Jewish transport and convinced them to leavewithout property. He became a real professional of the Jewish question, he even went toPalestine in 1937 on a “fact-finding” mission about whether having Jews in a Zionist state wouldbe in their interest, eventually they found it wasn’t.He was supposed to think of ideas for the Madagascar plan. He essentially had control of manycountries’ populations.Eichmann became the expert on the broadest vision of the entire plan, he closed immigration inpreparation for extermination in 1941, he did not do any killings but he even took pleasure inthem…“Trucks for blood”—negotiation to stop deportation of JewsHe writes in some memoirs for prison—he expected it and it was only an amount of time. Livingan a community of former Nazis in Argentina with his family.

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Term
Summer
Professor
Gillerman
Tags
The Bible, Germans

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