Exercise 5 5 1 ridicule 2 proof surrogate 3 hyperbole

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Exercise 5-5 1. ridicule 2. proof surrogate 3. hyperbole 4. proof surrogate in the first phrase 5. no device 6. hyperbole 7. proof surrogate 8. ridicule 9. hyperbole 10. ridicule Exercise 5-6 ▲1. a IM – 5 | 2
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2. c ▲3. a 4. d 5. b ▲6. d 7. e, although in some contexts (where the Governor's word was in question, for example) we might allow that there's no slanter present ▲8. e 9. a 10. d Exercise 5-7 1. hyperbole (in Chapter 7 we'll call this "straw man") 2. dysphemism 3. not a rhetorical device 4. dysphemism 5. not a rhetorical device 6. dysphemism Exercise 5-8 1. dysphemism 2. dysphemism 3. hyperbole 4. weasler 5. proof surrogate 6. not a downplayer in this context 7. loaded question Exercise 5-9 1. not a slanter 2. innuendo--could also be seen as a downplayer 3. possibly hyperbole, depending on how big 4. not a slanter; this is standard terminology IM – 5 | 3
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5. rhetorical comparison 6. rhetorical comparison Exercise 5-10 1. Whether Tom Delay engages in mean-spirited political tactics. 2. Yes, he does. 3. There isn't much of an argument present; some support is given by the claim that Delay is hated in Washington. 4. Use of the epithet "the Hammer" as Delay's nickname was so common, it hardly counts as a rhetorical device. Exercise 5-11 1. Whether schools should become social or political gadflies. 2. No, they should not. 3. There appears to be an attempt at an argument by analogy (see Chapter 10). 4. The analogy is merely rhetorical, in that it falls short of an argument by analogy (again, see Chapter 10). Exercise 5-12 1. Whether religious enthusiasts are having a bad effect on politics 2. Yes, they are. 3. About the only claim given in this passage in support of the author’s position is the one about the imposition of religious morals on others by manipulating the power of the state. 4. “Hysteria,” if not hyperbole, is probably still something of an exaggeration; “quackery” is a dysphemism; the quotation marks around “pro-life” are a downplayer; “zealots” is a dysphemism. Exercise 5-13 1. Whether Secretary General Annan will get anything further accomplished as head of the U.N. A secondary issue strongly implied is whether he has done a good job. 2. No, he won’t, and no, he hasn’t. 3. Supporting his position on the first issue, there’s the claim that Annan’s term will soon be up and the claim that he isn’t taken seriously. For the second, there’s the claim that Annan is surrounded by cronyism. 4. “Mess” is a dysphemism; quotation marks around “work” are a downplayer; “wreckage” is a dysphemism. IM – 5 | 4
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Exercise 5-14 1. Whether agreements between parents and teachers to regulate children’s behavior is a good idea. 2. No, they are not. At least we think that’s his position. 3. No; there is no argument given beyond making fun of the position.
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