The issues of inequality and oppression caused by

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6.Study each Disciplinefor the period using the discipline pages in the module (Philosophy, Literature, Theater, Art, Music). Study the Example Worksprovided on the page.Realist PhilosophyRealist art, literature, theater, and music explored Darwinism*, utilitarianism*and Marxism*, as the artists, writers, actors, and musicians challenged the conventionalforms and subject matter while exploring the role of the individual to society.Darwinism, utilitarianism, and Marxism all deal with the relationship between society andthe individual.Darwinism*is based in the idea that species have evolved through natural selection and the "struggle for survival."Utilitarianism*believes in the rights of the individual as long as it does not interfere withthe happiness and welfare of the society as a whole.Marxism*is a social, political, economic, and philosophical theory developed by Karl Marx that highlights the role class conflict plays in the development of different social systems over time. Marxists believe that social unrest will inevitably overthrow capitalist systems.Realist LiteratureRealist authors sought to describe life and human behavior as they were, without idealization or Romantic subjectivity. The transformation in everyday life was reflected in Realist literature, as authors sought to portray how life was lived during changing times. Realist literature emphasized the everyday plight of the poor and working class.Realist literary themes included:Unidealized, objective portrayals of contemporary lifeReverence for scientific inquiry and observationLiberal use of local and regional "flavor," such as dialect, traditions, and detailed descriptions of particular placesPhysical, social and economic mobility driven by the industrial revolution and urbanizationEmerging preoccupation with social issues, such as conflicts involving race, class, gender, and laborExtensive character development, often detailing the psychological state and inner workings of the character's mindNaturalism and the Darwinian notion of individuals being shaped by their hereditary and environmental factors
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