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counting on the strength of the archers, but the close proximity between that of the Greeks and Persians overcame his strategy.The advantage the Greeks had on the Persians in the Battle of Plataea was not of strategicform but was because of their weaponry. As stated in the Battle of Thermoplyae, the Persians hada hard time fighting and penetrating the bronze shields and helmets of the Spartan hoplite phalanx. Once again at the Battle of Plataea, the same mistake had occurred to the Persians that their weaponry lacked the quality from that of the Greeks. The position was too close to the Persians for them to have carried out their advantage of archers. Likewise, the strategy of the phalanx had also come in handy as that is what took Mardonias’ army down. Mardonias’ death concluded a decisive victory to the Greeks once more and into wrapping up the entire second Persian war.The last of the second Persian war battles was that of the Battle of Mycale. The King of Sparta, Leotychides was leading the Greeks at the time and decided that they needed to finish thewar off completely at the islands. A messenger from Samos had told Leotychides that if he advanced, the Ionians would rise in revolt (Sealy 8). Leotychides continued and as they arrived to Samos they found that the Persians had left their camp. So they continued up to Mount Mycaleto attack their enemy. When they finally arrived, Leotychides asked those Ionians on the Persian 6
side to join the Greeks and revolt. As suspected earlier in the war that the Ionians would eventually revolt, the Persians disarmed some of the Ionians they did not trust (Sealy 8). Leotychides attacks the Persians regardless of wanting the battle or not. The Samians who were part of the Ionians that were disarmed had revolted and attacked the Persians and influenced other Ionians to do the same (Herotodus 9.103). Herotodus calls this the second Ionian revolt because those who had been put to help the Persian fugitives had led them back to the Greeks. At the end, only a few Persians had escaped (Herotodus 9.107). Sealy 8 concludes that the battle was a clear defeat for the Persians and another victory for the Hellenes. The success in the Battle of Mycale had played in the favor of the Hellenes in terms of surviving not one, but two invasions by the Persians. This victory completes the decisiveness on Greek victory and had alsoended any future threat of invasion of the Hellas. In concluding the war, it could be said that the greeks were successful in victory over the Persians because they planned strategically as opposed to the naïve King, Xerxes. Not only was he inexperienced, but he also lacked the ability to truly strategize as the Hellenes had done throughout their existence.I believe that his boasting about this army he had got in the way of critically thinking and thus he became more reliant on the number of troops he had rather than the quality of his troops. The Persians may have been physically strong, but the Greeks were raised to be mentally strong since birth.