-Interactions b/t parents and children more emotional and intense.-The period of parenting is becoming longer, with young adulthood being extended by more years of education.The Family diversity- Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration.Race= a group of people believed to share common descent, based on perceived innate physical similarities. (skin, features)-reflects perceived biological differences.-family and family interactions are the first site of racial self-awareness.Ethnicity= a group of people with a common cultural identification, based on a common language, religion, ancestral origin, or traditional practicesRacial Ethnicity= an ethnic group perceived to share physical characteristics. -using the term “African American (ethnic) and Black (racial) interchangeably. -Saying a woman “looks Latina”.Racial/Ethnic Minority Group= a racial or ethnic group that occupies a subordinate statusin society.*Problem in U.S. census.
U.S. structured around 5 racial-ethnic groups.-African Americans-Blacks-Hispanics-Asian and Pacific Islanders-Native Americans-non Hispanic whites Roles of marriage and extended family vary across racial-ethnic groups.African-American FamiliesGreater % of single-parent families than any other group.-72% of Black children are born to unmarried mothers-more than ½ of all black family households are headed by a single parent.Explaining the TrendsNot due to differential morals, values, or proclivities toward marriage, parenting, etc.Institutional racism/legacy of slavery -blacks are more disadvantaged economically -shortage of men:-for every 3 unmarried women, there is 1 man w/ earnings above the poverty line.-mass incarceration of Black men and efforts of drug & violence.Urban poverty/Residential segregation:-creation of residential segregation through formal and informal practices (redlining and preferential 9/20/16Families and Social Class: TheoriesTheories of social classConsensus/functionalist- social inequality is necessary.Davis & Moore (1945)-some jobs more difficult than others.-unequal rewards motivate individuals to strive for best job they can.-social class is continuum. Conflict- (MARX) inequality is result of economic exploitation (the labor of some people produces the wealth that is controlled by others)Class division is not determined by skill or talent – people who own and control propertyhave resources and power over those who do not. Social class not on continuum.WEBER- class inequality is explained through opportunities available to individuals (life chances)
-those with few material resources have low life chances.-explains how social class works within families- parents’ resources affect life chances of children.