One of the first people sent to eastern Europe to investigate vampires In 1746

One of the first people sent to eastern europe to

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One of the first people sent to eastern Europe to investigate vampires In 1746 wrote his vampire book with so called “findings” He said vampires are impossible because according to his faith, a dead body cannot be resurrected but he gave no evidence why Essentially he verified vampires even more o Gerard von Swieten (1700-1772) Viennese physician and a great scientist He was sent to eastern Europe by the Austrian nobility In 1755 wrote “ Discourse on existence of ghosts He condemns vampire scare as barbarism/paganism He deals the blow to the vampire epidemic in the west but it continues in the east until the 1770s Vampire hunter = dhampir o Also called: Glog means “hawthorn”, which was an herb for lung diseas e and the vampire hunter chews on it to strengthen his powers
Sabotnik means “born on Saturday” because a full human born on Saturday has special powers Saturday is day of transition for supernatural spirits and being born at midnight or on a holiday is even better Vampirovich means “son of vampire” so could be half like dhampir o Dhampir did not use crucifixes/cross symbolism because Christianity was not part of the vampire hunting because eastern church did now acknowledge/sanction Had guns and knives only to kill vampires in their supernatural/shadowy /unseen state (anyone can stake/burn a corpse) Gun/knife goes back to Slavic tradition because it “reverses” suicide or an unclean death the vampire may have had People relied on folklore NOT religion to survive o Dhampir believed to be supernatural: half human & half vampire Mother had to be human because she has to be alive baby born of unholy union because vampire could rape women o Physical characteristics: long dark hair, black bush eyebrows, no nose, glowing red or white or yellow eyes o Made bastard children socially acceptable o Had powers like vampires but not their weaknesses (daywalker) o If vampire is too powerful, dhampir is called and dhampir can see vampires when humans can’t Linguistics o Upir = original word for vampire (first seen in 1047) “U” is a preposition meaning “by” or “in presence of” “pir” means “ritual sacrifice/feast/blood drinking” So upir was a euphemism –there was probably another word you didn’t want to say o Volkhv = Slavic soothsayer “volk” means wolf and “volkhv” means “one of the wolf” Wolf was a symbol of power and by wearing the skin of the wolf they could access spiritual realms (like vampires) o Dhampir = vampire hunter Means “one who gives in sacrifice” Remnant of old Slavic pagan priest (volkhv) Eastern church defines upir/volkhv business as heresy o Upir became a term of derision calling someone who was alive an upir meant they still had old pagan practices like blood sacrifice o Over time we get the word vampire, which in a pol ite dative case means “to whom you are giving sacrifice” Why did vampire epidemic happen?
o

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