Answers to Final Essay Questions

My two motivational theories the goal setting theory

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My two motivational theories? The Goal Setting theory- Goal setting theory was developed by Edwin Locke in the 1960s. Goal setting theory involves establishing specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-targeted goals so that there is no confusion about the goal trying to be attained. The goal setting theory suggests that it's an effective tool for making progress by ensuring that participants in a group with a common goal are clearly aware of what is expected from them. For the individual setting goals helps people work towards their own objectives. Examinations have shown that goals which are high and specific lead to a higher level of performance than general goals. As long as the individual accepts the goal, has the ability to achieve it, and does not have conflicting goals, there is a positive linear relationship between goal difficulty and task performance. Expectancy theory- states that an individual will decide to behave in a certain way because they are motivated to select a specific behavior over other behaviors due to what they expect the result of that selected behavior will be. Saying that, the motivation of the behavior selection is determined by the desirability of the outcome of the individual.
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