13.In “Discipline and Punish”, the French theorist Michel Foucault examines how the modern penal system ____.a.Discriminates against minoritiesb.Unfairly incarcerates drug addictsc.Represents a transformation in social controld.Gives special treatment to white-collar criminals
14.Recidivism occurs when ____.
b.15.A child struggles to learn how to read and is frequently teased about it by his siblings and is referred to as “slow” by his parents and teachers. He underperforms in school and never thinks about going to college. Ultimately he drops out before graduating from high school, telling the school counselor that he’s just not a smart guy who can learn from books. This is an example of which theory of deviance?
16.Which of the following is an example of rehabilitative justice?
17.Which of the following is an example of a stigma in U.S. society?a.Having credit-card debtb.Cheating on your taxesc.Not being marriedd.Having speech impedimentA stigma not only changes others’ behavior toward a person but also alters that person’s self-concept and self-identity.
18.Organic solidarity can be defined as _____.