- Source A cannot show the name of the financial aid to western Europe (i.e. Marshall Plan), its contents, amount of money provided (US$13 billion), forms of aid (e.g. cash grants, subsidy in kind, etc.) and various conditions of subsidy (e.g. European consumption of American products), etc. [max. 2] [max. 5] 109
2. Study Sources B and C. SOURCE B The following passage is adapted from the ‘Marshall Plan’ speech by George Marshall, 5 June 1947. It is logical that the United States should do whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured peace. Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. Source: “The ‘Marshall Plan’ Speech at Harvard University, 5 June 1947 – OECD website” ( ) (Accessed on 17 January 2014). SOURCE C The following cartoon entitled “Can He Block It?”, was published in the United States in 1947. Source: “Soviet Opposition to the Marshall Plan – Library of Congress website” ( ) (Accessed on 17 January 2014). 110
(a) Refer to Source B. what was the ultimate aim of the Marshall Plan offered by the United States? Support your answer with one clue from Source B. (2 marks) (b) Refer to Source C. How would the Soviet Union respond to the Marshall Plan? Explain your answer with reference to Source C and using your own knowledge. (4 marks) (c) What was the impact of the response of the Soviet Union you pointed out in part (b) on the economic development of Europe in the 1950s and 1960s? Explain your answer with reference to Sources B and C, and using your own knowledge. (7 marks) Question 2 Suggested answers and reference for assessment (a) Ultimate aim of the Marshall Plan offered by the U.S.: [2 marks] Ultimate aim: - To boost European economic recovery - Clue: ＊ The words “European recovery” appear above the basketball net which is the target of the basketball labeled “Marshall Plan” [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) Response of the Soviet Union to the Marshall Plan: [4 marks] L1 General description of Soviet response to Marshall Plan without due reference to the Source L2 Explanation of Soviet response to Marshall Plan with due reference to the Source and relevant historical facts Response of Soviet Union: - Refused to recognize the function of Marshall Plan as a subsidy for economic recovery - Clue: ＊ Joseph Stalin tried to catch the basketball labeled “Marshall Plan” and block it from the target of “European recovery”.
- Spring '07
- European Union